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ID: 300107376
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300107376

 

Record Type: concept
Terra sigillata (pottery style) (Roman pottery styles, ancient Italian pottery styles, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
 
Terms:
Terra sigillata (pottery style) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Terra sigillata (pottery style) (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
印形裝飾赤陶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
紅色細陶器 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
紅精陶器 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yìn xíng zhuāng shì chì táo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yin xing zhuang shi chi tao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
yin hsing chuang shih ch'ih t'ao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
terra sigillata (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of ancient Italian pottery styles
........................ ancient Italian pottery styles (G)
Hierarchy of Roman pottery styles
............................ Roman pottery styles (G)
Hierarchy of Terra sigillata (pottery style)
................................ Terra sigillata (pottery style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指西元前一世紀至西元三世紀間,在羅馬帝國時期流行於義大利、高盧及德國的精細陶器風格。承襲古希臘陶器,此風格使用富含鐵質合成物的方解石黏土(calcitic clays)製作出光澤亮面,但與古希臘陶器不同的是,其使用開放式燒窯,並採取單一階段燒製。此風格特色為紅色的色澤、光滑的表面,有時具有印上的人物圖案裝飾。這個詞彙首見於19世紀,而出於對此詞彙各種的不同詮釋,歷來對此詞指稱的陶器風格則多有異議,莫衷一是,有將此詞彙解釋為「打印之土s(tamped earth)」以暗指其壓印設計風格的觀點,亦有人將此詞解為「封印之土(或譯封胚之土sealed earth)」,指稱被認為是陶器製作原料的「封印土(terra sigillata),」這種紅玄武土產自林諾斯島(Lemnos),可止血、肥沃且具醫療效果。這個詞彙之後又與「薩摩斯陶器(Samian ware)」或「薩摩斯陶(Samian)」混用而讓狀況更形混淆。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een stijl van verfijnd aardewerk die voorkwam in Italië, Frankrijk, Duitsland, en het gehele Romeinse Rijk van de 1ste eeuw v. Chr. tot de 3de eeuw na Chr. De stijl is schatplichtig aan Oud-Griekse traditiesin het gebruik van calcietrijke klei met een hoog ijzergehalte, om een glimmend oppervlak te creëren, maar verschilt van Grieks aardewerk doordat het maar een keer is gebakken, in een open oven. Kenmerkend zijn de rode kleur, de zorgvuldige afwerking, en soms de decoraties van gestempelde figuren en patronen. De term werd bedacht in de 19de eeuw, en sindsdien bestaat er onenigheid over de vraag op welk soort aardewerk deze van toepassing is, omdat de term verschillend vertaald wordt, ofwel als ‘gestempelde aarde’,hetgeen verwijst naar de gestempelde motieven, of als ‘verzegelde aarde’, hetgeen verwijst naar een harde, vettige medicinale grondsoort genoemd‘terra sigillata’ die voorkomt op het eiland Lemnos, en waarvan werd verondersteld dat het de klei was waarmee het aardewerk werd vervaardigd. Voor meer verwarring zorgde de relatie tussen deze term en ‘Samisch aardewerk’ of ‘Samisch’. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un estilo de cerámica fina utilizado en Italia, Galia y Alemania y a lo largo y ancho del Imperio Romano desde el siglo I a.C al siglo III d.C. Evolucionó de las tradiciones de cerámica griega antigua en el uso de arcillas calcáreas ricas en compuestos de hierro para producir una superficie esmaltada, pero difiere de la alfarería griega en que emplea una sola fase de cocción en un horno abierto. Se caracteriza por su color rojo, terso acabado, y a veces por decoraciones de figuras o modelos estampados. El término se acuñó en el siglo XIX, e históricamente ha habido discrepancias relativas a cual cerámica se aplica, provenientes de varias interpretaciones del término ya sea como "tierra estampada," con referencia a los diseños estampados, o "tierra sellada" con referencia a un tronco medicinal, astringente, graso, llamado "terra sigillata" de la isla de Lemnos que se pensaba que era la arcilla de la que la cerámica estaba hecha. Posterior confusión ha rodeado la relación de este término y "cerámica de Samos" o" Samos." 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  Samian (Aegean culture and style)
..................................  (Aegean styles, Aegean, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300107172]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  red-gloss (pottery style)
..................................................  (Roman pottery styles, ancient Italian pottery styles, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300107372]
reflected in/produces ....  terra sigillata ware
........................................  (<pottery by kiln, location, or style>, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300387395]

Sources and Contributors:
印形裝飾赤陶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 452
紅色細陶器............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 22, 2012
紅精陶器............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
Terra sigillata (pottery style)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................................................  AATA database (2002-) 129648 checked 26 January 2012
.....................................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.....................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Rome, ancient: Pottery." Accessed 06/10/99.
.....................................................  Hornblower and Spawforth, Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (1998) 568
.....................................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986) 185
.....................................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 388
.....................................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 44
.....................................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.....................................................  Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974) 369
.....................................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989) 288
.....................................................  TAA database (2000-)
terra sigillata............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
yin hsing chuang shih ch'ih t'ao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.....................................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yin xing zhuang shi chi tao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yìn xíng zhuāng shì chì táo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129648 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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