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ID: 500054661
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (French porcelain manufactory, active from 1756 to the present)

Note: In 1756 the porcelain manufactory that had been founded at Vincennes was transferred to the town of Sèvres. Three years later king Louis XV became the principal shareholder and financial backer and had the factory designated the "Royal Porcelain Manufactory." The factory thus came under the control of the royal administration and focused on manufacturing luxury porcelain mainly for the royal family, the court, and the aristocracy. Early works were soft-paste porcelain. Hard-paste porcelain was not made at Sèvres until the late 1760s, when deposits of the vital ingredient kaolin (china clay) were found in Limoges, France. Numerous artists collaborated in the production of a single piece of porcelain, and many left their personal identification marks incised in the paste or painted over the glaze. In addition to the marks of individual craftsmen, Sèvres wares carry marks identifying them as products of the royal manufactory.

Names:
Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (preferred,V,index)
Sèvres porcelain factory (V)
Sèvres, Manufacture royale de porcelaine de (V)
Manufacture nationale de Sèvres (V)
Manufacture nationale de porcelaine de Sèvres (V)
Manufacture royale de porcelaine de Sèvres (V)
Sèvres. Manufacture nationale de Sèvres (V)
Sèvres Porcelain Factory (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
manufactory (preferred)
porcelain makers

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Sèvres (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
location:   from 1756  Sèvres (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
artist was ....  Swebach, Jacques François Joseph  
..................  (French painter, 1769-1823) [500004312]
directed by ....  Bachelier, Jean Jacques  1756-1793
....................  (French painter, writer, and administrator, 1724-1806) [500027997]
directed by ....  Regnault, Henri-Victor  
....................  (French photographer and printmaker, 1810-1878) [500002390]
directed by ....  Robert, Louis-Rémy  1832-1879
....................  (French photographer, painter, 1810/1811-1882) [500037102]
employee was ....  Armand, Louis-Denis  
......................  (French porcelain painter, born 1723, active 1745-1788) [500055834]
employee was ....  Beslé  
......................  (French sculptor, active 1776-1788) [500088987]
employee was ....  Boizot, Louis-Simon  
......................  (French sculptor, 1743-1809) [500002158]
employee was ....  Boucher  
......................  (French porcelain painter, active 1754-1762) [500106304]
employee was ....  Defernex, Jean-Baptiste  
......................  (French sculptor, ca. 1729-ca. 1783) [500112965]
employee was ....  Falconet, Etienne-Maurice  
......................  (French sculptor and author, 1716-1791) [500115285]
employee was ....  Hutin, Pierre-Jules  ca. 1741
......................  (French sculptor, draftsman, and engraver, 1723 or 1724-1763) [500108341]
employee was ....  Isabey, Jean-Baptiste  
......................  (French painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1767-1855) [500031174]
employee was ....  Larue, Jean Denis  
......................  (French sculptor, died 1884) [500013722]
employee was ....  Robert, Mme Louis  
......................  (French painter, active ca. 1835) [500053677]
patron was ....  Louis XVI, King of France  
..................  (French king, 1754-1793) [500122357]
patron was ....  Marie Antoinette, Queen consort of Louis XVI  
..................  (French queen consort, 1755-1793) [500122363]
patron was ....  Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de  
..................  (French noble, patron, and engraver, 1721-1764) [500020051]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (I)

Biographies:
(French porcelain manufactory, active from 1756 to the present) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French firm, contemporary) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Manufacture nationale de porcelaine de Sèvres ........ [AVERY]
....................................................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Manufacture nationale de Sèvres ........ [AVERY Preferred]
............................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Manufacture royale de porcelaine de Sèvres ........ [AVERY]
..............................................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Sèvres. Manufacture nationale de Sèvres ........ [AVERY, VP]
...........................................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Sèvres, Manufacture royale de porcelaine de ........ [VP]
................................................................................  Getty [online] (2002-)
Sèvres porcelain factory ........ [GRLPSC Preferred]
...............................................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989)
Sèvres Porcelain Factory ........ [AVERY]
.................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory ........ [VP Preferred]
.........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989)
....................  Getty [online] (2002-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 15 March 2005
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 03/04/2003
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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