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ID: 500011763
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500011763

 
Record Type: Person
L'Enfant, Pierre Charles (French architect and city planner, 1754-1825, active in the United States)

Note: Born 2 August 1754; died 4 June 1825 or 14 June 1825. In 1771 Pierre Charles L'Enfant became a student at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris, France, taking courses under his father, the painter Pierre L'Enfant. L'Enfant volunteered to serve in the American army during the War of Independence and sailed for the United States in 1777. He was given the rank of captain in the Corps of Engineer in 1779. After the war, L'Enfant remained in the United States where he continued his professional practice. Among other projects, L'Enfant designed the Old City Hall in New York, the Federal House in Philadelphia, and he surveyed the site and made the plan for the new federal capital in Washington. French soldier, engineer, architect in United States.

Names:
L'Enfant, Pierre Charles (preferred,V,index)
Pierre Charles L'Enfant (V,display)
L'Enfant, Peter Charles (V)
L'Enfant, Pierre C. (V)
L'Enfant, Pierre-Charles (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
French

Roles:
soldier (preferred)
architect
engineer
urban planner

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Maryland (United States) (state)

Events:
active:   1777-1825  United States (North and Central America) (nation)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  L'Enfant, Pierre Charles (I)

Biographies:
(French architect and city planner, 1754-1825, active in the United States) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French soldier, engineer, architect in United States, 1754-1825) ..... [AVERY]
(American soldier, engineer, architect, 1754-1825) ..... [BHA]
(American and French architect and engineer, born Paris (France), 1754; died Maryland, United States, 1825; active United States, 1777-1825) ..... [CCA]
(French soldier, 1754-1825) ..... [AVERY]
(French soldier) ..... [AVERY]
(American urban planner, 1754-1825) ..... [Grove Art]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
L'Enfant, Peter Charles ........ [AVERY, CCA]
................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
L'Enfant, Pierre C. ........ [CCA]
........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
L'Enfant, Pierre Charles ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred]
..................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
L'Enfant, Pierre-Charles ........ [Grove Art Preferred]
....................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Pierre Charles L'Enfant ........ [CCA, VP]
................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, Gallery Systems, Grove Art]
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Dictionary of American Biography (1928)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1991)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80129034
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80129034
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  New Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
....................  Oudin, Dictionnaire des architectes (1994)
....................  Petit Robert 2: Noms propres (1990)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Withey, American Architects (1996)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA]
.......... Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1991)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
.......... Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982) 660-661
.......... Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
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