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ID: 300216593
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300216593

 

Record Type: concept
pipa (sound instrument) (<lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked>, lutelike chordophones: plucked, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Short-necked lutelike chordophones of China, with a pear-shaped body, four silk or nylon strings, and from ten to twenty-four frets on the neck and belly. They are held upright resting on the lap or thigh, and plucked with the fingers.
 
Terms:
pipa (sound instrument) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
pipa (sound instrument) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
piba (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
pip'a (sound instrument) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
p'i p'a (sound instrument) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
p'i-p'a (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
pi pa (sound instrument) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
琵琶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
pí ba (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
pi ba (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
pi ba (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
pyba (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
p'i-pa (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
p'ip'a (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of chordophones
.................... chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones
........................ lutelike chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones: plucked
............................ lutelike chordophones: plucked (G)
Hierarchy of <lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked>
................................ <lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked> (G)
Hierarchy of pipa (sound instrument)
.................................... pipa (sound instrument) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 中國類似魯特琴的短頸弦鳴樂器,具有梨狀琴身、四根絲弦或尼龍弦,琴頸和琴肚上十至二十四個不等的琴品。演奏時將琵琶放置於膝上或大腿上,垂直手持琵琶,以指撥弦彈奏。 
Dutch ..... Snaarinstrumenten met korte hals en peervormige klankkast, 10-24 frets op hals en bovenblad, 4 snaren van zijde of nylon; getokkeld met de vingers; China. 
Spanish ..... Cordófonos chinos tipo laúd, de mástil corto, con un cuerpo en forma de pera, cuatro cuerdas de seda o nailon y de diez a veinticuatro trastes en el mástil y el vientre. Se sostienen derechos haciéndolos descansar sobre el regazo o muslos, y se pulsean con los dedos. 

Sources and Contributors:
琵琶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  音樂辭典 406
piba............  [VP]
...........  Arnold, New Oxford Companion to Music (1983) Vol. 2, 100, in entry "lute"
pi ba............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
pí ba............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
pipa (sound instrument)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.........................................  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
.........................................  Personal Communication Sam Quigley, BMFA, at outside review at AAT, 2/28/92.
.........................................  Randel, New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986)
.........................................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
pip'a (sound instrument)............  [VP]
.........................................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984)
p'i p'a (sound instrument)............  [VP]
...............................................  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, 80
...............................................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975)
p'i-p'a............  [VP]
.................  Randel, New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986) illustration, 252
pi pa (sound instrument)............  [VP]
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
p'i-pa............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Tregear, El Arte Chino (1991) 106
p'ip'a............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
pyba............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...........  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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