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ID: 300443534
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300443534

 

Record Type: concept
bǎnwǎ (<roofing tile by form>, roofing tile, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Roofing tile of shallow concave shape; can serve as a gutter tile or a covering tile. Eaves tiles of this type have an overhanging lip to allow water to drip away from the bottom edge. These are categorized according to decorative treatment of the lip. Two types described in the Yingzao fashi (e.g. Chapter 13) are the chongchun banwa 重唇瓪瓦 and huatou banwa 華頭瓪瓦 (lit. flower/ornamented head plate tile). Although having the same pronunciation, from the Yuan dynasty onward this term was also written: "板瓦".
 
Terms:
bǎnwǎ (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,N)  ............ plate tiles
bǎnwǎ (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,N)
瓪瓦 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
pan-wa (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic and ceramic by product>
............................ <ceramic and ceramic by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic by product>
................................ <ceramic by product> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic tile
.................................... ceramic tile (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic tile by function>
........................................ <ceramic tile by function> (G)
Hierarchy of weather tile
............................................ weather tile (G)
Hierarchy of roofing tile
................................................ roofing tile (G)
Hierarchy of <roofing tile by form>
.................................................... <roofing tile by form> (G)
Hierarchy of bǎnwǎ
........................................................ bǎnwǎ (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 瓪瓦。元以後也寫作“板瓦”。弧形瓦件,用於屋面既可做底瓦,也可做蓋瓦。檐端的瓪瓦可粘掛模印有花紋的瓦頭,以利於排洩雨水。在《營造法式》(卷十三)中記載有“重唇瓪瓦”與“華頭瓪瓦” 兩種。 

Sources and Contributors:
瓪瓦............  [ATTCAT, VP]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
bǎnwǎ............  [ATTCAT Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-) https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000104
..............  ATTCAT (2018)
..............  ZDIC [online] (2020-)
pan-wa............  [ATTCAT, VP]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
............  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Note:
English .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)

 

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