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ID: 300011798
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011798

 

Record Type: concept
bone (material) (<bone and bone components materials>, combination inorganic/organic animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The rigid, calcareous material that is white in color and forms the skeleton of vertebrates; primarily composed of calcium hydroxyapatite with smaller amounts of calcium carbonate, calcium fluoride, magnesium phosphate, and ossein, a high molecular weight protein. Bones have a concentric structure with central lymphatic canals surrounded by a spongy lamellar region protected by a dense outer cortex. Bone has been carved and used since ancient times for many purposes, including fish-hooks, spear heads, needles, handles, and art objects. Bones were also burnt to produce bone black and boiled to produce bone glue. Bone can be distinguished from ivory by being generally whiter, more porous, and less dense.
 
Terms:
bone (material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
bones (material) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
骨頭 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
骨骼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gǔ tóu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gu tou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ku t'ou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
omitl (C,U,C,Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
omitl (Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,B)
omjtl (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
been (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
os (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Knochen (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
osso (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
osso (Italian-P,D,U,N)
ben (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk)-P,AD,U,SN)
ben (Norwegian (Bokmål)-P,AD,U,SN)
hueso (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
huesos (C,U,Spanish,UF,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of combination inorganic/organic material
................ combination inorganic/organic material (G)
Hierarchy of combination inorganic/organic animal material
.................... combination inorganic/organic animal material (G)
Hierarchy of <bone and bone components materials>
........................ <bone and bone components materials> (G)
Hierarchy of bone (material)
............................ bone (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種有機及∕或無機材料之結合,主要含有膠原蛋白和磷酸鈣,構成大部份脊椎動物的骨骼。 
Dutch ..... Een combinatie van organisch en/of anorganisch materiaal die hoofdzakelijk bestaat uit collageen en calciumfosfaat; het vormt het geraamte van de meeste gewervelde dieren. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Tlamantli chicahuac huan quence tetl chipahuac tlen quichihua ma neci iohomiyohuan ce acahya zo tecuani, mochihchiuhtoc ica chiyactli tetzahuac tlen calcio ica miac tlamantli cuecuetzitzin tlen carbonato de calcio, fluoruro de calcio, fosfato de magnecio huan oseína, ce proteina tlen tlahuel chicahuac. Omitl quipiya ce nexcayotilli yahyahualtic huan achi ixcohcoyoctic huan iihtico moyahualohtoc ica ce tlamantli canactzin tlen zozonectic huan mopalehuia ica ce cuetlaxtli tlen iixco. Omitl ce tlamantli tlen moalaxohtoc huan motequihuihtoc nelhuahcapatl para mochihuaz miac tlamantli, quence cochiyoh, lanzaz, acoxah, imah tlen ce tlamantli huan miac itlatequihuiliz quipiya. Omitl nouhquiya motlatiyaya para moquixtiz ce omitl yayahuic huan momoloniyaya para moquixtiz ce tlamantli tlen ica tlapepechoah. Omitl hueli moixnextia cualli ica ce tetl tlen itocah marfil pampa omitl tlahuel chipahuac huan quence tehtequiltic huan axtlahuel huei. 
Spanish ..... Combinación de materiales orgánicos y/o inorgánicos compuesta fundamentalmente de colágeno y fosfato de calcio, que componen el esqueleto de la mayoría de los vertebrados. Material rígido y calcáreo de color blanco que forma el esqueleto de los vertebrados; está compuesto principalmente de hidroxiapatita de calcio con cantidades más pequeñas de carbonato de calcio, fluoruro de calcio, fosfato de magnesio y oseína, una proteína de alto peso molecular. Los huesos tienen una estructura concéntrica con canales linfáticos centrales rodeados por una región laminar esponjosa protegida por una densa corteza exterior. Los huesos han sido tallados y utilizados desde la antigüedad para muchos propósitos, incluyendo anzuelos, cabezas de lanza, agujas, mangos y objetos de arte. Los huesos también se quemaban para producir hueso negro y se hervía para producir pegamento de hueso. El hueso puede distinguirse del marfil por ser generalmente más blanco, más poroso y menos denso. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  collagen
..................................  (protein, organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300192948]
distinguished from ....  ivory (material)
..................................  (dentin (material), <tooth components as material>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011857]
material for ....  skeletons (animal components)
......................  (<skeletons and skeleton components>, animal components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300191778]

Sources and Contributors:
骨頭............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 179
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 192
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 176
骨............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 August 25, 2011
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 25, 2011
........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 p. 19
........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 25, 2011
........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 179
骨骼............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  基礎生命科學 p. 474
been............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
ben............  [NASJON Preferred]
...........  Norwegian National Museum of Art database (2021-)
bone (material)............  [GCI Preferred, GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 121145 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 100
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - UWO - 10/11/92.
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.............................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.............................  MacGregor, Bone, Antler, Ivory, and Horn (1985) 2
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) P
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.............................  Plenderleith, Conservation of Antiquities (1956)
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.............................  Rose and von Endt, Protein Chemistry (1984)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bones (material)............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
gǔ tóu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gu tou............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hueso............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GRI-FloCo, VP]
..............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1512
huesos............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Knochen............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
ku t'ou............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
omitl............  [GRI-FloCo]
..............  Karttunen 1992 179
..............  Molina 1571 (2) 76v
..............  Simeon 1992 357
..............  Sullivan et al. 2016 346
..............  Wimmer 2020
omjtl............  [GRI-FloCo]
..............  Sahagún 2012 (II) 170
os............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...........  CHIN database (1988-)
osso............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
...........  ICCD database (1988-)
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, GRI-FloCo, ICCD, NASJON, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121145 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Norwegian National Museum of Art database (2021-) beb885f4-3499-4506-b6a5-1740909a970a
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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