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ID: 300262978
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300262978

 

Record Type: concept
bieri (figurines, <sculpture by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Sculpted human figures or heads attached to the reliquaries of deceased Fang elders, which function as a symbolic evocation of the ancestor as well as a guardian of the relics.
 
Terms:
bieri (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
bieri (Portuguese-P,D,L,U)
bieri (Skulptur) (German-P,D)
bieri (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
bieri (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
byeri (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
eyema (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
nlo byeri (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
比埃里 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
bǐ āi lǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
bi ai li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
pi ai li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
biery (C,U,German,UF)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by subject type>
........................ <sculpture by subject type> (G)
Hierarchy of figurines
............................ figurines (G)
Hierarchy of bieri
................................ bieri (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by function>
........................ <sculpture by function> (G)
Hierarchy of reliquary figures
............................ reliquary figures (G)
Hierarchy of bieri
................................ bieri (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 人形或頭形雕像,非洲芳族將其接於過世長者的聖物箱上,其功用為紀念先人並保護其遺骸。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor gebeeldhouwde menselijke figuren of hoofden die zijn bevestigd aan de reliekhouders van overleden Fang voorouders; ze dienen als symbolen voor aangeroepen voorouders en beschermers van de relieken. 
German ..... Skulptur einer menschlichen Figurn oder Kopfes, die an Reliquiaren verstorbener Ältester der Fang angebracht ist und der symbolischen Heraufbeschwörung des verstorbenen Vorfahren sowie des Schutzes seiner Überreste dient. 
Portuguese ..... Cabeças ou figuras humanas esculpidas e unidas aos relicários de anciões Fang falecidos, que funcionam como uma evocação simbólica do antepassado e como um guardião das relíquias. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para figuras humanas o cabezas esculpidas adjuntas a los relicarios de ancianos fallecidos Fang, cuya función era tanto de evocación simbólica como de guardián de las reliquias. 

Sources and Contributors:
比埃里............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
bi ai li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
bǐ āi lǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
bieri ()............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred, VP-intern Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Araújo. Carybé (2006) 52
.................  Art and Aesthetics (1971) 356
.................  Bascom, African Art in Cultural Perspective (1973) 124
.................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- AFRART -- 8/98
.................  Goldwater, Great Bieri (1962)
.................  Lemme, Die europäische Konstruktion fremder Kunst zwischen Assimilation und Exotismus (2010) 83
.................  Museu de Etnologia. Escultura africana em Portugal (1985) 158
.................  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
.................  Schädler, Afrikanische Kunst (1975) 31
.................  Schmalenbach und Castelli, Afrikanische Kunst (1988) 200
.................  Willett, Arte Africano (1999) 162
biery............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..............  Lemme, Die europäische Konstruktion fremder Kunst zwischen Assimilation und Exotismus (2010) 83
byeri............  [VP]
..............  Perrois and Delage, Art of Equatorial Guinea (1990) 11
..............  Perrois, Byeri Fang (1992)
eyema............  [VP]
..............  Sieber and Walker, African Art (1987) illustration, 139
nlo byeri............  [VP]
....................  Sieber and Walker, African Art (1987) illustration
pi ai li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP, VP-intern]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Portuguese .......... [VP-intern]
.......... Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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