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ID: 300014071
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014071

 

Record Type: concept
ramie (fiber) (plant fiber, natural fiber, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Bast fiber obtained from the stems of several varieties of the species Boehmeria nivea, native to tropical Asia but cultivated in China, Japan, Europe, South America, and the United States. The Ramie has been used in China for paper and fabric since prehistoric times. Its use spread through Europe in the Middle Ages. It is white or green in color, depending upon the variety. It is soft, fine, and durable fiber that is very lustrous and dyes well, used for twine, fishnets, sewing thread, and fabric for clothing, summer suits, dresses, canvas, tablecloths, and upholstery. Ramie has also been used to produce strong paper for linings, banknotes, and cigarettes.
 
Terms:
ramie (fiber) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
ramie fiber (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
苧麻 (纖維) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
zhù ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhu ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chu ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
ramee (vezel) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
ramio (fibra) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of fiber
........................ fiber (G)
Hierarchy of natural fiber
............................ natural fiber (G)
Hierarchy of plant fiber
................................ plant fiber (G)
Hierarchy of ramie (fiber)
.................................... ramie (fiber) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種韌皮纖維,取自苧麻的幾個品種的莖;苧麻原生於熱帶亞洲,但亦栽種於中國、日本、歐洲、南美洲及美國。中國自史前時代起,便使用苧麻纖維製作紙張與織品,而用法在中世紀時傳入歐洲。苧麻纖維的顏色取決於品種,可能為白色或綠色,這種柔軟、細緻且耐用的纖維極具光澤,且適於染色,可用於製作合股線、魚網、縫線,並且可製作衣物、夏裝、洋裝、油畫布、桌巾和襯墊用布料,亦可當成製作內襯、鈔票、或香煙用強韌紙張的材料。 
Dutch ..... Een vezel die wordt gebruikt voor touw en voor diverse soorten grove textiel. 
Spanish ..... Fibra utilizada para cuerdas y para diferentes tipos de textiles bastos. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Boehmeria nivea (species)
................................  (Boehmeria (genus), Urticaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375526]

Sources and Contributors:
苧麻 (纖維)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 20, 2010
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 189
chu ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ramee (vezel)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
ramie (fiber)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AATA database (2002-) 128009 checked 26 January 2012
..........................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 636
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
ramie fiber............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
ramio (fibra)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..........................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2675
zhu ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
zhù ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128009 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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