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ID: 300014041
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014041

 

Record Type: concept
flax (fiber) (plant fiber, natural fiber, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Fiber derived from the bast or skin of the stem of the species Linum usitatissimum. Soft, flexible fibers are produced by retting the stem of the flax plant, then washing and cleaning the fibers. Flax fibers of thinner and longer than cotton, but the fiber tube has thicker walls resulting in a stronger thread. Additionally, flax fibers are used for linen fabric, thread for making shoes and bookbinding, fish line, and twine. Waste flax fibers are used in banknotes, cigarette covers, and writing and drawing paper.
 
Terms:
flax (fiber) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
亞麻 (纖維) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
yǎ ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ya ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ya ma (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
vlas (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
lin (matériaux) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
fibra de lino (materiales) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of fiber
........................ fiber (G)
Hierarchy of natural fiber
............................ natural fiber (G)
Hierarchy of plant fiber
................................ plant fiber (G)
Hierarchy of flax (fiber)
.................................... flax (fiber) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 取自亞麻之莖的韌皮或外殼的纖維,質軟而柔韌,是藉由浸漬亞麻植物的莖,接著再洗滌與清潔纖維而製成。亞麻纖維比棉更細、更長,但纖維管壁較厚,因此製出之線較強韌。用於製作亞麻布料、製鞋與裝訂書本用的亞麻線、釣魚線以及合股線;廢棄的亞麻纖維可用於鈔票、捲煙紙以及書寫與繪畫用的紙張製作。 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  linen (material)
..........................  (<textile materials by composition or origin>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014069]
constituent of ....  rag paper
..........................  (<paper by composition or origin>, paper (fiber product), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014130]
derived/made from ....  Linum usitatissimum (species)
................................  (Linum (genus), Linaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375504]
required for ....  retting
......................  (<yarn-making processes and techniques>, <textile construction processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300265605]

Sources and Contributors:
亞麻 (纖維)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 20, 2010
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 175
fibra de lino (materiales)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...............................................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 129
flax (fiber)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 123778 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  ADAG, Glossary for Technique, Medium, and Support (1984)
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 311
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
lin (matériaux)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
vlas (materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
ya ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yǎ ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123778 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 19 November 2007
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]

 

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