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ID: 300445579
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300445579

 

Record Type: hierarchy name
almenas (adornments) (architectural elements, <components by specific context>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: In Mexico, adornments of roofs or parapet tops, made of stone or molded terracotta, particularly abundant in the architectural tradition of the central highlands and that appeared crowning sumptuary buildings or, exceptionally, of a coatepantli or "snake wall", in the manner of a battlement. It also designates discontinuous stretches of parapets of cut silhouette that, in occasions, encircle the upper platform of a pyramidal base. They are distinguished from the merlons that crown the walls of ancient fortresses used for the defenders to take shelter behind them.
 
Terms:
almenas (adornments) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,SN)
almenas (adornments) (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
almena (adornment) (C,U,English,UF,L)
almena (adornment) (Spanish,UF,U)
ladriyoh (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ alternate term
xamitl (C,U,undetermined,UF,U)

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of almenas (adornments)
.................... almenas (adornments) (G)

Additional Notes:
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Ipan Mexco, cuaxochitl tlen calli itzonpachca zo tlamantli tlachihualli tlen tepamitl, tlachihualli ica tetl zo zoquitl iccitoc, nochipa oncayaya ipan tradicion arquitectonico ipan antiplano central huan neciyaya tlahuel cuahcualli quence cuacoronah tlen edificio tlahuel ipatiuh zo, ce coatepantli quence tepamitl. Quimanextia nouhquiya tlamantli cototztzitzin tlen barantal ica ce ixcopincayotl tlen tlatehtectli, quemmantzin quipahpah iixpan ica itzintlan quence tzacualli. Moixnextia ica merlones tlen quence coronas nopa tepantli tlen huahcapatl, motequihuihqui para mopalehuizceh tlen nopayoh momanahuiyayah. 
Spanish ..... En México, adornos de techos o remates de pretil, hechos en piedra o barro cocido moldeado, particularmente abundantes en la tradición arquitectónica del altiplano central y que aparecían en calidad de coronamiento de edificios suntuarios o, excepcionalmente, de un coatepantli o "muro de serpientes", a la manera de un almenado. Designa también tramos discontinuos de parapetos de silueta recortada que, en ocasiones, ciñen la plataforma superior de un basamento piramidal. Se distinguen de los merlones que coronan los muros de las antiguas fortalezas usados para que los defensores se se reguardasen tras ellos. 

Sources and Contributors:
almena (adornment)............  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
almenas (adornments)............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
ladriyoh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
xamitl............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Sullivan et al. 2016 584
 
Subject: .....  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Note:
English .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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