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ID: 300448871
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300448871

 

Record Type: concept
cǎojià (vertical roof frame components, roof frame components, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: As an architectural term, caojia (literally “draft frame,” Kroll 2015 34, 194), primarily appears in technical manuals such as the Yingzao fashi(1103), Yuanye 園冶 (1631), and Yingzao fayuan 營造法原 (1959). It refers to the roof frame between the interior ceiling (the pingqi 平棊 in Yingzao Fashi and the xuan 軒 or juan 卷 in mansion-hall style architecture of Jiangnan area in Ming and Qing dynasties) and the roof, which is left rough (hence the term “draft”) because it is not visible to the viewer (Chen 2010, 259; Yao 1986, 116).
 
Terms:
cǎojià (preferred,C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,B)
草架 (C,V,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,B)
caojia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),UF,U,B)
ts'ao-chia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,B)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of enclosing structural elements
............................ enclosing structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <roofs and roof components>
................................ <roofs and roof components> (G)
Hierarchy of roof components
.................................... roof components (G)
Hierarchy of roof frame components
........................................ roof frame components (G)
Hierarchy of vertical roof frame components
............................................ vertical roof frame components (G)
Hierarchy of cǎojià
................................................ cǎojià (G,U)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 草架作為建築術語,主要出現在《營造法式》(1103)、《園冶》(1631)及《營造法原》(1959)中。指室內天花(即《營造法式》中的藻井;明代江南廳堂中的軒(卷))與屋面之間的屋架(陳 2010,259;姚 1986,116),因不露明而加工簡略。 

Sources and Contributors:
草架............  [ATTCAT]
...........  AATCAT database (2018-)
cǎojià............  [ATTCAT Preferred]
.................  AATCAT database (2018-)
.................  Fu, Traditional Chinese Architecture (2017)
.................  漢語大詞典編纂処, ed. 漢語大詞典. Digital edition. 上海: 上海辭書出版社, 2011.
caojia............  [ATTCAT]
.................  AATCAT database (2018-)
ts'ao-chia............  [ATTCAT]
.......................  AATCAT database (2018-)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [ATTCAT]
.......... AATCAT database (2018-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT]
.......... AATCAT database (2018-)

 

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