The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples) Representative Images:    1  2  3

ID: 300417914
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300417914

 

Record Type: concept
tzompantlis (<stands by function>, stands (support objects), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Skull racks or similar constructions used in Mesoamerica to display the heads or skulls of sacrificed human victims, or platforms carved with human skulls to resemble such a rack. Tzompantlis were usually placed near temples or ballcourts. Those displaying real skulls comprised a wooden framework supporting skulls skewered on horizontal poles run through holes drilled through the temples. Tzompantlis took a variety of forms and seem to have served several functions: altars and venues for ritual; displays of Aztec prowess; and to terrorize subjugated populations.
 
Terms:
tzompantlis (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,PN)
tzompantlis (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
tzompantli (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
tzompantli (Classical Nahuatl-P,D,U,B)
tzompantli (Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)
tzompantli (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
tzompanmeh (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)
skull rack (C,U,English,UF,U)
tzompantzin (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
hilera de calaveras (C,U,Spanish,UF,SN)
hileras de calaveras (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,PN)
pared de calaveras (C,U,Spanish,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
paredes de calaveras (C,U,Spanish,UF,PN)  ............ variant orthography
túmulo de calavera (C,U,Spanish,UF,U)
tzumpantli (C,U,undetermined,NA,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of support furniture
............................ support furniture (G)
Hierarchy of stands (support objects)
................................ stands (support objects) (G)
Hierarchy of <stands by function>
.................................... <stands by function> (G)
Hierarchy of tzompantlis
........................................ tzompantlis (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by function>
............ <object genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of racks (supporting devices)
................ racks (supporting devices) (G)
Hierarchy of tzompantlis
.................... tzompantlis (G)

Additional Notes:
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Huapalli tlen quiixtlapaltlaltoqueh huan quitlalhuiltoqueh tzontecomitl zo ce tlamantli quence cencah tlachihuallli, motequihuihqueh ipan Mesoamerica para quiixnextizceh tzontecomitl zo cuacacahuayotl tlen ininbictimaz quinzacrificarohqueh, zo ce canahya tlacualcan ica tzontecomitl para ma neci quence huapalli quiixtlapaltlaltoqueh. Nopa tlen quiilliah tzompantli quitlaliyaya ininnechca tiopan zo campa mahuiltiyaya mahuiltiliztli tlen pelotah. Tlen quinextiyayah nelneliya eliyaya tzontecomitl, quipiyayah ce estructuta tlen huapalli, quiihyohuiyaya tzontecomitl pampa quincahcalactoya pan cahuitl campa panoyaya pan ce tlacoyoctli ica tiopan. Tzonpantli quitequihuiyayah para miac tlamantli: tlaixpan huan canahya para ce campeca, tlapannextilli para Mexica huan para quintemahmauhtizceh cequi altepetzitzin tlen quinnahuatiah. 
Spanish ..... Los estantes de cráneos o construcciones similares utilizados en Mesoamérica para exhibir las cabezas o cráneos de víctimas humanas sacrificadas, o plataformas talladas con cráneos humanos para parecerse a tales estantes. Los tzompantlis solían colocarse cerca de los templos o de los campos de juego de pelota. Los que mostraban cráneos reales comprendían una estructura de madera que soportaba cráneos ensartados en postes horizontales que pasaban por agujeros perforados a través de los templos. Los tzompantlis adoptaron diversas formas y parecen haber cumplido varias funciones: altares y lugares para rituales, exhibiciones de destreza Mexica y para aterrorizar a las poblaciones subyugadas. 

Related concepts:
require ....  skulls (skeleton components)
..............  (skeleton components (animal components), <skeletons and skeleton components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300191856]

Sources and Contributors:
hilera de calaveras............  [GRI-FloCo]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
hileras de calaveras............  [GRI-FloCo]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
pared de calaveras............  [GRI-FloCo]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
paredes de calaveras............  [GRI-FloCo]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
skull rack............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
túmulo de calavera............  [GRI-FloCo]
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
tzompanmeh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
tzompantli............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP]
.......................  Gomez et al, Ritos y mitos de la muerte en México (2000) 17
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
tzompantlis............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Gomez et al, Ritos y mitos de la muerte en México (2000) 17
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......................  Wade, Feeding the Gods: Hundreds of Skulls (2018)
tzompantzin............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  Sahagún 2012
tzumpantli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Subject: .....  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) Baquedano, Elizabeth, "Tzompantli," accessed 25 June 2018
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust