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ID: 300264386
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264386

 

Record Type: concept
trimurti (Hindu doctrinal concepts, doctrinal concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Hindu concept of the collapse of the three main Hindu gods, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, into a single form with three faces. Some scholars consider the trimurti as a way to reconcile different monotheistic approaches with one another and with the concept of ultimate reality (Brahman) since the trimurti manifests the cosmic functions of the Supreme Being. The trimurti was classically expressed in the poem 'Kumarasambhava' by Kalidasa (ca. 4th-5th century).
 
Terms:
trimurti (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
trimurti (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
trimurti (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
trimūrti (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
三相神 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
三神一體 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
sān xiàng shén (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
san xiang shen (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
san hsiang shen (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
que tiene tres formas (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religious concepts
............ religious concepts (G)
Hierarchy of doctrinal concepts
................ doctrinal concepts (G)
Hierarchy of Hindu doctrinal concepts
.................... Hindu doctrinal concepts (G)
Hierarchy of trimurti
........................ trimurti (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 意指三位一組的印度教主神─梵天(Brahma)、毗濕奴(Vishnu),以及濕婆(Shiva)。有些學者認為,由於三相神代表神在宇宙的各種作用,故可藉此將各個一神論調和一致,且配合最終真理(Brahman, 婆羅門)的概念,達到相互協調的關係。毗濕奴象徵保護,濕婆象徵破壞,而梵天為這兩個對立力量之間的平衡。迦梨陀娑(Kalidasa, 西元四至五世紀)所作的《鳩摩羅出世(Kumarasambhava)》一詩中闡述三相神之處蔚為經典。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een drie-eenheid van de belangrijkste hindoegoden Brahma, Vishnu en Shiva. Sommige geleerden vatten de Trimurti op als een manier om verschillende monotheïstische benaderingen met elkaar en met het (brahmaanse) begrip 'ultieme realiteit' te verzoenen, omdat de Trimurti de kosmische functies van het Opperwezen manifesteert. Brahma vertegenwoordigt het evenwicht tussen de tegengestelde krachten van instandhouding en vernietiging, die respectievelijk worden vertegenwoordigd door Vishnu en Shiva. De Trimurti komt op klassieke wijze tot uitdrukking in het gedicht Kumarasambhava van Kalidasa (circa 4de-5de eeuw). 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a una tríada de los tres dioses hindúes principales, Brahma, Vishnu, y Shiva. Algunos estudiosos consideran los Trimurti como una manera de reconciliar diferentes acercamientos monoteístas entre si y con el concepto de última realidad (Brahman) dado que Trimurtlas manifiesta las funciones cósmicas del Ser Supremo. Brahma representa el equilibrio entre las fuerzas contrarias de preservación y destrucción, representadas respectivamente por Vishnu y Shiva. El Trimurti fue clásicamente enunciado en el poema "Kumarasambhava" por Kalidasa (aproximadamente siglo IV o V). 

Related concepts:
involved with ....  Hinduism
........................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300073727]

Sources and Contributors:
三相神............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 7, 2012
三神一體............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 7, 2012
que tiene tres formas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
......................................  Diccionario Espasa. Religiones y creencias (1997) 816
san hsiang shen............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
san xiang shen............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
sān xiàng shén............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
trimurti............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Diccionario de la Lengua Española (1992) 2027
.................  Enciclopedia Encarta de Lujo. Bibioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 10/01
.................  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 537
trimūrti............  [VP]
.................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 990
.................  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 537
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 990
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 10/01
.......... Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 537
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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