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ID: 300233466
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300233466

 

Record Type: concept
hulks (watercraft by form) (<watercraft by form>, <watercraft by specific type>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Cargo vessels or warships of the Middle Ages through the 16th century usually having a curved stem, straight sternpost after about 1200, clinker planking, and castles at the bow and stern; earlier vessels were relatively small, but 15th- and 16th-century examples could exceed 500 tons deadweight capacity; originally developed in northern Europe, but were eventually widespread.
 
Terms:
hulks (watercraft by form) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
hulks (embarcación por forma) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
hulk (watercraft by form) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
hulk (vaartuig naar vorm) (Dutch,AD,U,U)
hulk (embarcación por forma) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
福克帆船 (依形式區分之船舶) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
fú kè fán chuán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fu ke fan chuan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fu k'o fan ch'uan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
hulken (vaartuigen naar vorm) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Hulks (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Hulk (Wasserfahrzeug nach Form) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Holk (Wasserfahrzeug nach Form) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Holke (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Holken (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Hulke (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Hulken (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form) (C,U,German,UF,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TX

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of watercraft
................ watercraft (G)
Hierarchy of <watercraft by specific type>
.................... <watercraft by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <watercraft by form>
........................ <watercraft by form> (G)
Hierarchy of hulks (watercraft by form)
............................ hulks (watercraft by form) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 中世紀至十六世紀時的貨船或戰船,通常具曲狀的船頭、約在西元1200年後出現筆直的艉柱(sternpost)、魚鱗板(clinker planking),以及位於船艏與船尾的船艛;早期的福克帆船相對較小,但在西元十五和十六世紀的樣本中,可見到載重容量超過500頓的福克帆船;此船型最早出現在北歐地區,但後來的則廣為各地使用。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor vracht- of oorlogsschepen die werden gebruikt vanaf de Middeleeuwen tot in de 16e eeuw. Meestal voorzien van een gebogen voorsteven, na 1200 een recht achtersteven, een overnaadse bouw en voor- en achterkastelen; de vroegere schepen waren vrij klein maar de 15e- en 16e-eeuwse exemplaren hadden een laadvermogen van over de 500 ton; zijn oorspronkelijk in noord Europa ontworpen maar komen uiteindelijk over de hele wereld voor. 
German ..... Frachtschiff oder Kriegsschiff des Mittelalters bis zum 16. Jahrhundert, gewöhnlich mit einem gerundeten Vorsteven und nach etwa dem Beginn des 13. Jahrhunderts mit einem geraden Achtersteven, Klinkerbeplankung und Kastellen an Bug und Heck; frühere Schiffe waren relativ klein, aber Ausführungen im 15. Jahrhundert und 16. Jahrhundert konnten 500 Tonnen Bruttotragfähigkeit übersteigen; ursprünglich in Nordeuropa entwickelt, aber schließlich weitverbreitet. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para buque de carga o barco de guerra desde la Edad Media hasta el siglo XVI, generalmente teniendo una proa curvada y un codaste recto después del 1200 aproximadamente, entablado de escoria y castillos en la proa y en la popa. Los primeros buques fueron relativamente pequeños, pero los ejemplares de los siglos XV y XVI podía exceder las 500 toneladas de capacidad. Aunque desarrollados originalmente en el noreste de Europa, experimentaron eventualmente una extensión. 

Sources and Contributors:
福克帆船 (依形式區分之船舶)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fú kè fán chuán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fu ke fan chuan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fu k'o fan ch'uan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Holk (Wasserfahrzeug nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.....................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697461/revisions/1173140/view
.....................................................  Dudszus, Das große Schiffstypenbuch (1983) 138
.....................................................  Jung, Maritim-Lexikon (2004) 122
Holke (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697461/revisions/1173140/view
Holken (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697461/revisions/1173140/view
hulk (watercraft by form)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............................................  Beylen, Zeilvaart lexicon (1985)
............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................................  Landström, El Buque (1973) 73,95,94
............................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Hulk (Wasserfahrzeug nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.....................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697462/revisions/1081637/view
.....................................................  Dudszus, Das große Schiffstypenbuch (1983) 138
.....................................................  Jung, Maritim-Lexikon (2004) 122
Hulke (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697462/revisions/1081637/view
hulken (vaartuigen naar vorm)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..................................................  Beylen, Zeilvaart lexicon (1985)
..................................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Hulken (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697462/revisions/1081637/view
hulks (watercraft by form)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP Preferred]
...............................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Greenhill, Archaeology of the Boat (1976) illustration, 84; hulks
...............................................  Unger, Ship in the Medieval Economy (1980) illustration, 168; hulks
Hulks (Wasserfahrzeuge nach Form)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
........................................................  Dudszus, Das große Schiffstypenbuch (1983) 183
........................................................  Jung, Maritim-Lexikon (2004) 122
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Beylen, Zeilvaart lexicon (1985)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Beylen, Zeilvaart lexicon (1985)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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