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ID: 300232698
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300232698

 

Record Type: concept
caravels (square-sterned watercraft, asymmetrical-ended watercraft, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small to medium-sized vessels, with plain head and square stern, originally developed as lateen-rigged coastal fishing vessels in Medieval Portugal, but eventually used as exploratory vessels in Iberian voyages to the New World in the late 15th and early 16th centuries; vessels of exploration were often square-rigged for more efficient ocean-going travel.
 
Terms:
caravels (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
caravel (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
葡式三桅輕帆船 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
pú shì sān wéi qīng fán chuán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
pu shi san wei qing fan chuan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
p'u shih san wei ch'ing fan ch'uan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
karvelen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
karveel (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Caravellen (C,U,German,D,PN)
Karavelle (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Caravelle (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Karavellen (C,U,German,UF,PN)
carabelas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
carabela (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TX

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of watercraft
................ watercraft (G)
Hierarchy of <watercraft by specific type>
.................... <watercraft by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <watercraft by form>
........................ <watercraft by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <watercraft by end configuration>
............................ <watercraft by end configuration> (G)
Hierarchy of asymmetrical-ended watercraft
................................ asymmetrical-ended watercraft (G)
Hierarchy of square-sterned watercraft
.................................... square-sterned watercraft (G)
Hierarchy of caravels
........................................ caravels (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 小至中型船,具有簡單的船首及方形艉(square stern),源於中古時代葡萄牙海岸地區捕魚用的三角帆船,但後來成為西元十五世紀晚期至十六世紀早期,由伊比利人航行至新大陸的探勘船;探勘船通常裝有橫帆,較利於遠洋航行。 
Dutch ..... Kleine tot middelgrote schepen met een rechte boeg en een vierkante achtersteven die oorspronkelijk in de Middeleeuwen in Portugal zijn ontstaan als latijngetuigd kustvissersschip, maar in de late 15e en vroege 16e eeuw als verkenningsschepen werden gebruikt tijdens de Iberische reizen naar de Nieuwe Wereld; verkenningsschepen hadden vaak razeilen om efficienter over de oceaan te varen. 
German ..... Kleines bis mittelgroßes Schiff mit geradem Bug und eckigem Achtersteven, ursprünglich entwickelt als lateinergetakeltes Küstenfischereischiff im mittelalterlichen Portugal, aber schließlich genutzt als Erkundungsschiff bei Reisen der Iberer in die Neue Welt im späten 15. Jahrhundert und frühen 16. Jahrhundert; Erkundungsschiffe waren häufig rahgetakelt, um effizienter über die Meere fahren zu können. 
Spanish ..... Buque de pequeño a mediano tamaño, con un cabezal plano y una popa cuadrada, desarrollado originalmente como un buque de pesca costero aparejado con vela latina en el Portugal medieval, pero utilizado eventualmente como buque explorador en los viajes de Iberia al Nuevo Mundo a finas del siglo XV y principios del siglo XVI. Los buques de exploración fueron frecuentemente de aparejo cuadrado para hacer más eficaz el viaje por el océano. 

Sources and Contributors:
葡式三桅輕帆船............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 April 2, 2012
carabela............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Diccionario de la Lengua española de la Real Academia Española (1984) I:269
carabelas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
caravel............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Caravelle............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  Pierer [online] (1857-1865) http://www.zeno.org/nid/20009638539
Caravellen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
caravels............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121496 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Kemp, Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (1976) 139
.................  Sea History (1972-) illustration, No. 6, 26, SeaHistory 1992, "Tall Ships in American Waters," p.24-28.
.................  Unger, Ship in the Medieval Economy (1980) illustration, 212
Karavelle............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/689008/revisions/1218861/view
....................  Dudszus, Das große Schiffstypenbuch (1983) 155
....................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4290712-3
Karavellen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/689008/revisions/1218861/view
karveel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Bibliotheek Scheepvaartmuseum (z.j.)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
karvelen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Bibliotheek Scheepvaartmuseum (z.j.)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
p'u shih san wei ch'ing fan ch'uan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........................................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
pu shi san wei qing fan chuan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..................................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
pú shì sān wéi qīng fán chuán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..................................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121496 checked 26 January 2012
............  Bibliotheek Scheepvaartmuseum (z.j.)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Bibliotheek Scheepvaartmuseum (z.j.)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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