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ID: 300228716
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300228716

 

Record Type: concept
franciscas (throwing axes, battle-axes, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Throwing axes with a short handle and a long arched blade widening toward the cutting edge and ending in a prominent point at the top back corner and often at the bottom one as well. They had become the characteristic national weapon of the Franks by the 6th century and were used by other European peoples at least into the 9th century.
 
Terms:
franciscas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
franciscas (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
francisca (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
francisca (Dutch,AD,U,U)
francisca (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
francesques (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
franciscs (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
francisques (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
法蘭克擲斧 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
弗蘭西斯卡斧 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
弗蘭西斯卡投擲斧 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
法蘭飛斧 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fǎ lán kè zhí fǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fǎ lán kè zhí fǔ (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
fa lan ke zhi fu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
francisca's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Franziskas (C,U,German,D,PN)
Franziska (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of axes (weapons)
.................... axes (weapons) (G)
Hierarchy of battle-axes
........................ battle-axes (G)
Hierarchy of throwing axes
............................ throwing axes (G)
Hierarchy of franciscas
................................ franciscas (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 把手短小的投擲斧,其長拱形的斧刃往刃口逐漸變寬,於頂端斧背角落處凸起,亦時常於底部的角落處凸起。在六世紀時成為弗蘭克斯(Franks)獨具特色的國家武器,而其他歐洲民族則至少使用至第九世紀。 
Dutch ..... Werpbijlen met een korte steel en een lange, S-vormig gebogen kling bovenop de steel; vanaf de 6e eeuw het meest gebruikelijke wapen van de Franken en ook door andere Europese volken tot in de 9e eeuw gebruikt. 
German ..... Wurfaxt mit einem kurzen Handgriff und eine lange gewölbte Klinge, die eine Erweiterung in Richtung der Schneidkante aufweist und in einem markanten Punkt an der Spitze an der oberen Kante und oft auch an der Unterseite endet. Sie war die charakteristische Nationalwaffe der Franken des 6. Jahrhunderts und wurde von anderen europäischen Völkern bis in das 9. Jahrhundert verwendet. 
Spanish ..... Hachas arrojadizas, con un mango corto y una hoja larga en forma de arco que se ensancha hacia el filo y que termina en una punta prominente en el extremo superior y a menudo también en el extremo inferior. Se habían constituído en el arma nacional característica de los francos hacia el siglo VI y fueron usadas por otros pueblos europeos hasta entrado el siglo IX. 

Sources and Contributors:
法蘭克擲斧............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
弗蘭西斯卡斧............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
弗蘭西斯卡投擲斧............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
法蘭飛斧............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fa lan ke zhi fu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fǎ lán kè zhí fǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
francesques............  [VP]
.......................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
francisca............  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1337
....................  TAA database (2000-)
franciscas............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  Blair, European and American Arms (1962) 22
.......................  Diagram Group, Weapons (1980) illustration, 80
.......................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973)
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
.......................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
francisca's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
franciscs............  [VP]
....................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
francisques............  [VP]
.......................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
Franziska............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Hoops, Reallex. germanische Altertumskunde (1936-) 32:363
....................  Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (1905-1909) [online] http://www.zeno.org/nid/20006630480
....................  OBG - Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen in Bayern, Oberbegriffsdatei (2012) IRI: 20.8886
Franziskas............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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