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ID: 300217935
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300217935

 

Record Type: concept
'ūds (<lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked>, lutelike chordophones: plucked, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Short-necked, fretless lutelike chordophones of the Arab world, the direct ancestors of European lutes, strung in double courses and played with a plectrum. The large soundbox is built of ribs of lightweight wood with a strongly rounded back and flat belly, one large or two or three small sound holes, a bridge on the lower part of the belly, and a piece of fishskin, leather, or shell above the bridge to protect the belly from the strokes of the plectrum.
 
Terms:
'ūds (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
'ūd (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
'īdān (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
'idan (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ouds (chordophones) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
oud (lute) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
'ud (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
'ud (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
uds (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ûds (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
烏德琴 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
wū dé qín (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
wu de qin (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
wu te ch'in (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
`uds (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
`ud (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of chordophones
.................... chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones
........................ lutelike chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones: plucked
............................ lutelike chordophones: plucked (G)
Hierarchy of <lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked>
................................ <lutelike chordophones with short neck: plucked> (G)
Hierarchy of 'ūds
.................................... 'ūds (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指阿拉伯世界裡,類似魯特琴的短頸弦鳴樂器,不具琴品,為歐洲魯特琴的前身,琴弦為雙弦,以琴撥演奏。烏德琴的大型音箱為輕木材料板製成,另外,烏德琴具極為圓渾的球狀琴背、平坦的琴肚、一個大音孔及兩或三個小音孔、及位於琴肚下方的琴橋,琴橋上方覆有一片魚皮、皮革或貝殼,用來保護琴肚免於琴撥的撥擊。 
Dutch ..... Snaarinstrumenten met een klankkast van lichte, houten zijbanden, sterk bollend achterblad, een plat bovenblad met 1 grote, 2 of 3 kleine klankgaten, kam op het onderste gedeelte van het bovenblad, met een stuk vissen- of ander leer, of met een schelp, erboven, om het bovenblad te beschermen tegen beschadiging door het plectrum, korte hals zonder frets, dubbele snarenkoren; bespeeld met een plectrum; Arabische wereld. 
Spanish ..... Cordófonos del mundo árabe tipo laúd de mástil corto, sin trastes, antecesores directos de los laúdes europeos, con encordado doble y tocados con un plectro. La gran caja de resonancia se construye de costillas de madera liviana con un dorso marcadamente abombado y un vientre plano, una gran abertura de sonido o dos o tres pequeñas aberturas, un puente en la sección inferior del vientre, y un trozo de piel de pescado, cuero o concha encima del puente para proteger el vientre de los golpes del plectro. 

Sources and Contributors:
烏德琴............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  音樂辭典 381
'īdān............  [VP]
..............  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) needs diacritics
'idan............  [VP]
..............  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) needs diacritic
oud (lute)............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
ouds (chordophones)............  [VP]
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
'ud............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...........  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) needs diacritic
...........  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
'ūd............  [VP]
...........  Randel, New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986) needs diacritic
...........  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) needs diacritic
`ud............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Etnomusicologisch Centrum
'ūds............  [VP Preferred]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
uds............  [VP]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
ûds............  [VP]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
`uds............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Etnomusicologisch Centrum
wu de qin............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
wū dé qín............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
wu te ch'in............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) ud; oud
............  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, 180; ud
............  Etnomusicologisch Centrum
............  Magic Sounds, Musical Instruments of the Far East (1989) Used in essay by Dalia Cohen, Musical Instruments of the East and West: A General Comparison unpaged; ûd
............  Personal Communication Sam Quigley, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, suggested at AAT review, 2/92; ud
............  Randel, New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986) oud
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Etnomusicologisch Centrum
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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