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ID: 300217917
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300217917

 

Record Type: concept
taiko (barrel drums, struck drums, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Japanese barrel drums with two heads, only one of which is struck; the size and ratio of diameter to length vary greatly, and the membranes are either tacked to the body or laced on, sometimes lapped over metal rings and then laced. Taiko have a legendary origin in Japanese folklore, but historical records suggest they came to Japan in the 6th century CE through Korea and China.
 
Terms:
taiko (preferred,C,U,English,D,U,B)
taiko (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
taiko (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
daiko (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
太鼓 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tài gǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tai gu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'ai ku (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of membranophones
.................... membranophones (G)
Hierarchy of drums (membranophones)
........................ drums (membranophones) (G)
Hierarchy of struck drums
............................ struck drums (G)
Hierarchy of barrel drums
................................ barrel drums (G)
Hierarchy of taiko
.................................... taiko (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 通常用來指具兩個鼓面的日本桶狀鼓,僅敲打其中一個鼓面演奏其尺寸和直徑長度的比例可有很多不同的變化,以釘或繫的方式將鼓膜固定於鼓身,有些則是將鼓膜疊於金屬環上,再以繩子繫住固定。 
Dutch ..... Trommen, tonvormig met 2 trommelvellen waarvan er slechts één wordt aangeslagen; de vellen worden op de klankkast vastgespijkerd of eraan geregen, waarbij ze soms eerst over metalen ringen worden geslagen; grootte en verhouding diameter : lengte lopen sterk uiteen; Japan. 
Spanish ..... Úsese generalmente para tambores de barril japoneses con dos cabezas, golpeándose sólo una de ellas; el tamaño y proporción del diámetro con respecto al largo varía muchísimo, y las membranas están clavadas al cuerpo o amarradas a éste, algunas veces estiradas sobre metal y luego amarradas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  odaiko
..................................  (barrel drums, struck drums, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265907]

Sources and Contributors:
太鼓............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 April 12, 2012
daiko............  [VP]
..............  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) generic term for Japanese barrel drums
..............  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Japanese word for drums in general, found only in compound words after a hyphen.
tài gǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
tai gu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
taiko............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, 147
..............  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
..............  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975)
..............  Personal Communication Sam Quigley, BMFA, at outside review at AAT, 2/28/92.
..............  Randel, New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986) 255
..............  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Vol. 3, 501
..............  TAA database (2000-)
t'ai ku............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
.......... Malm, Japanese Music and Musical Instruments (2013)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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