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ID: 300190806
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300190806

 

Record Type: concept
paschal candles (candles, <candles and candleholders>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Wax candles of exceptional size, usually fixed in a great candlestick, specially destined for use in liturgies of western churches during the Easter season. The tradition of paschal candles probably dates to the fourth century. A paschal candle is first lit with newly blessed fire during the Easter vigil service; it is traditionally marked with the sign of the cross, an alpha and an omega, and the year. After this service, the candle is lit during liturgical functions until the feasts of the Ascension. The lit paschal candle symbolizes the powers of darkness and death being driven away by the Resurrection of Christ.
 
Terms:
paschal candles (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
paschal candle (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
paschal candle (Dutch,AD,U,U)
candles, paschal (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Easter candles (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paaskaarsen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Osterkerzen (C,U,German,D,PN)
Osterkerze (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
cirios pascuales (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
cirio pascual (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of lighting devices
.................... lighting devices (G)
Hierarchy of <lighting devices by form>
........................ <lighting devices by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <candles and candleholders>
............................ <candles and candleholders> (G)
Hierarchy of candles
................................ candles (G)
Hierarchy of paschal candles
.................................... paschal candles (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Grote kaarsen die in de westerse kerken worden gebruikt gedurende de paastijd. De traditie van paaskaarsen is al zeer oud en gaat vermoedelijk terug tot de 4de eeuw. Een paaskaars wordt voor het eerst aangestoken tijdens de paaswake, met het nieuwe gezegende vuur, nadat op de kaars het kruissymbool, een alfa en omega en het jaartal zijn aangebracht. Na afloop van deze dienst wordt de kaars tijdens liturgische diensten aangestoken, tot aan Hemelvaartsdag. Op die dag wordt de kaars dan na de schriftlezing gedoofd. De aangestoken paaskaars symboliseert de verdrijving van de machten van het duister en de dood door de herrijzenis van Christus. 
German ..... Große Kerze, die in den westlichen Religionen während des Osterfestes aufgestellt wird. Die Tradition der Osterkerze ist sehr alt und geht wahrscheinlich auf das 4. Jahrhundert zurück. Eine Osterkerze wird mit dem in der Osternacht gesegneten Feuer zum ersten Mal entzündet, nachdem sie mit Kreuz, Alpha und Omega und der Jahreszahl gekennzeichnet wurde. Nach dieser Andacht wird die Kerze während des Gottesdienstes entzündet, bis sie am Himmelfahrtstag nach dem Lesen des Evangeliums gelöscht wird. Die entzündete Osterkerze symbolisiert die Vertreibung von Dunkelheit und Tod durch die Auferstehung Jesus Christus'. 

Related concepts:
conjuncted with ....  paschal candlesticks
............................  (candlesticks, candleholders, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300390961]
contextualized in ....  Ascension Day
................................  (Christian holidays, religious holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300069640]
contextualized in ....  Easter
................................  (Christian holidays, religious holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300069057]
provide context ....  triple candlesticks (paschal candles)
............................  (candlesticks, candleholders, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300404228]
require ....  nails of incense
..............  (ceremonial objects, <object genres by function>, ... Object Genres (hierarchy name)) [300395630]

Sources and Contributors:
candles, paschal............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
cirio pascual............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
..........................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987)
..........................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:625
..........................  Pérez Montás, La platería de la Catedral de Santo Domingo, primada de América (1993) 116
cirios pascuales............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  TAA database (2000-)
Easter candles............  [VP]
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Osterkerze............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/751308/revisions/1256641/view
.......................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Osterkerze
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4313193-1
Osterkerzen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/751308/revisions/1256641/view
paaskaarsen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
paschal candle............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 738
.............................  Catholic Encyclopedia online (1997-2003) accessed 10/01
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 10/01
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
paschal candles............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.............................  Taylor, Training Course for Altar Guilds (1993)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 738
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia online (1997-2003) accessed 10/01
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 10/01
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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