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ID: 300120077
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300120077

 

Record Type: concept
Natchez (culture or style) (Pre-Columbian Lower Mississippi Valley styles, Pre-Columbian Mississippi Valley styles, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the culture of a North American Indian tribe that inhabited the east side of the lower Mississippi River when European settlers arrived in the area in the early 18th century. Their language was of the Macro-Algonquian phylum, Muskogean family; their culture was agricultural and related to other Muskogean tribes. They are often considered the last survivors of the great Mississippian culture. Their imagery is characterized by references to sun worship, fire, and their midsummer Green Corn festival. Their culture declined and their people were dispersed after the arrival of Europeans. Many Natchez fled to join with the Cherokee or Mvskoke (Creek); today many of their descendents live in the Cherokee and Mvskoke communities in Oklahoma.
 
Terms:
Natchez (culture or style) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Natchez (culture or style) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Natchez (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
納切斯 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
納奇茲 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
納齊茲 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
nà qiē sī (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
na qie si (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
na ch'ieh ssu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian (American)
................ Pre-Columbian (American) (G)
Hierarchy of <Pre-Columbian North American styles and periods>
.................... <Pre-Columbian North American styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian North American styles
........................ Pre-Columbian North American styles (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian Eastern North American styles
............................ Pre-Columbian Eastern North American styles (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian Mississippi Valley styles
................................ Pre-Columbian Mississippi Valley styles (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian Lower Mississippi Valley styles
.................................... Pre-Columbian Lower Mississippi Valley styles (G)
Hierarchy of Natchez (culture or style)
........................................ Natchez (culture or style) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian (American)
................ Pre-Columbian (American) (G)
Hierarchy of <Pre-Columbian North American styles and periods>
.................... <Pre-Columbian North American styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian North American styles
........................ Pre-Columbian North American styles (G)
Hierarchy of Mississippian
............................ Mississippian (G)
Hierarchy of Natchez (culture or style)
................................ Natchez (culture or style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指當十八世紀歐洲移民來到密西西比河谷下游東部時,居住於此區的北美印第安部落之文化。其語言屬於大阿爾岡基亞語系的馬斯科吉安語族。其農業文化與其他的馬斯科吉安族有關聯。納齊茲族普遍被認為是大密西西比文化最後的倖存者;其文化形象之特徵為太陽崇拜、火和盛夏時的綠玉米節慶。歐洲人抵達該地後,納齊茲文化即衰落,族人亦被驅散。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de cultuur van een Noord-Amerikaanse indianenstam die op de oostzijde van de Beneden-Mississippi woonde toen Europese kolonisten in de vroege 18de eeuw arriveerden in het gebied. Hun taal behoorde tot het Macro-Algonquian fylum en de Muskogean-familie; ze hadden een landbouwcultuur, verwant aan die van andere Muskogean-stammen. Ze worden vaak beschouwd als de laatste overlevenden van de grote Mississippi-cultuur. Hun voorstellingswereld wordt gekenmerkt door verwijzingen naar zonnedienst en vuur, en naar hun Groene Maïs midzomerfestival. Hun cultuur raakte in verval en het volk raakte verspreid na de komst van Europeanen. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a la cultura de una tribu india norteamericana que habitó el lado oriental del bajo Mississippi cuando los colonos europeos llegaron al área a principios del siglo XVII. Su idioma era del Macro-Algonquiano phylum, de la familia de Muskogean; su cultura era agrícola y relacionada a otras tribus de Muskogean. Ellos son considerados a menudo los últimos sobrevivientes de la gran cultura del Mississippi. Su imaginería se caracteriza por referencias a su culto al sol, fuego y a su festival del Maíz Verde en el solsticio de verano. Su cultura se extingió y su gente se dispersó después de la llegada de los europeos. 

Sources and Contributors:
納切斯............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 February 22, 2012
納奇茲............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 February 22, 2012
納齊茲............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
na ch'ieh ssu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
na qie si............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
nà qiē sī............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Natchez (culture or style)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Billard, De indianen (1978)
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Natchez." Accessed 10/20/00.
...............................................  Haberland, Art of North America (1964) 246
...............................................  Hibben, El origen de América. 30.000 años de su historia (1966) 79
...............................................  Jennings, Prehistory of North America (1974) 264
...............................................  Kehoe, North American Indians (1981) 562
...............................................  Murdock and O'Leary, Ethnographic Bibliography of North America (1975) 441
...............................................  Wiley, American Archaeology (1971) Vol. 1, 250
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Billard, De indianen (1978)
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Natchez Indians
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 February 2020, "Natchez,"
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Billard, De indianen (1978)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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