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ID: 300073715
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300073715

 

Record Type: concept
Islam (Abrahamic religions, religions (belief systems, cultures), ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the religious beliefs and social practices founded in the seventh century by the Arabian Prophet Muhammad, held to be the last of a series of major prophets, which include, according to Islamic dogma, Adam, Noah, and Jesus. It later spread throughout the Middle East, Africa, Europe, and parts of Asia. It is characterized by the belief in the fundamental idea that a devotee 'surrenders' and submits his will to Allah, the prime creator and sustainer of the universe and all creation. In Islam, God is unique and has no partner or intermediary as in the Christian Trinity. Social service and the active alleviation of suffering in others is considered the only path to salvation and prayer and sacred ritual alone are inadequate forms of submission to Allah. The Qur'an (Koran), the sacred text of the religion, is a compilation of revelations from Allah believed to have been received by Muhammad.
 
Terms:
Islam (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
Islamic (religion) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
Islamism (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Mohammedan (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Mohammedanism (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Moslem (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Muhammadanism (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Muslim (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Muslimism (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Mussulmanism (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
mahométanisme (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
islamisme (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
伊斯蘭教 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
回教 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yī sī lán jiāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yi si lan jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
i ssu lan chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
islam (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
islam (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Religion Mahométane (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
mahométisme (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
islamismo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religions (belief systems, cultures)
............ religions (belief systems, cultures) (G)
Hierarchy of Abrahamic religions
................ Abrahamic religions (G)
Hierarchy of Islam
.................... Islam (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由阿拉伯先知穆罕默德於七世紀創建的宗教信仰與社會實踐方式。根據伊斯蘭教條,穆罕默德是繼亞當、挪亞、耶穌後最後一個主要的先知。此教之後廣傳中東、非洲、歐洲、及部份亞洲。基本思想為信徒交出自己的意志給阿拉(宇宙及所有創造物的最高造物者與支撐者)。就伊斯蘭教而言,神是獨一無二的,且并非如基督教三位一體的觀點般有夥伴或是媒介。社會服務及積極幫助受苦者被認為是通往救贖的唯一路徑,若只有祈禱及神聖儀式則不算完全奉獻予阿拉。可蘭經是此教的聖典,記載穆罕默德從阿拉得來的神示。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar het samenstel van religieuze overtuigingen en sociale gebruiken dat in de 7de eeuw is ontstaan op basis van de leer van de Arabische profeet Mohammed, die wordt beschouwd als de laatste in een reeks van grote profeten; volgens de islamitische leer zijn dit onder anderen Adam, Noach en Jezus. De islam heeft zich later verspreid in het Midden-Oosten, Afrika, Europa en delen van Azië. De islam wordt gekenmerkt door het geloof in het fundamentele idee dat een gelovige zich 'overgeeft' en zich onderwerpt aan Allah, de schepper van het universum en de schepping als geheel. God is uniek en heeft geen partner of tussenpersoon zoals bij de christelijke drie-eenheid. Maatschappelijke dienstbaarheid en het actief verlichten van het lijden van anderen wordt beschouwd als de enige weg naar verlossing en gebeden en heilige rituelen zijn op zichzelf onvoldoende vormen van overgave aan Allah. De Qur'an (Koran), het heilige geschrift van de religie, is een verzameling onthullingen die, zo gelooft men, door Allah aan Mohammed zijn geopenbaard. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a creencias religiosas y prácticas sociales fundadas en el siglo VII por el Profeta árabe Mahoma, supuestamente el último de una serie de grandes profetas, incluídos, de acuerdo al dogma Islámico, Adán, Noé y Jesús. Posteriormente se difundió a través del Medio Oriente, África, Europa y parte de Asia. Se caracteriza por la creencia en la idea fundamental que un devoto se "rinde" y somete la voluntad de Alá, el principal creador y mantenedor del universo y toda creación. En el Islam, Dios es único y no tiene parentesco o intermediario como la trinidad cristiana. El servicio social y las actividades que alivian el sufrimiento de otros es considerado el único camino a la salvación y la oración y ritual sagrado a solas es una inadecuado forma de sumisión para Alá. El Coran (Koran), consagrado el texto de las religiones, es una compilación relevante de las creencias de Alá que fueron recibidas de Mahoma. 

Related concepts:
basis of ....  Islamic (culture or style)
..............  (Islamic World, The, <styles, periods, and cultures by region>, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300380013]
practiced/ studied by ....  Islamic clergy
......................................  (clergy, people in religion, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300239154]
reflected in/produces ....  Qur'ans
........................................  (religious texts, <documents by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300265128]

Sources and Contributors:
伊斯蘭教............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 July 31, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 31, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 July 31, 2012
...........  朗文當代大辭典 920
回教............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 31, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 July 31, 2012
...........  朗文當代大辭典 920
Islam............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  AATA database (2002-) 125181 checked 26 January 2012
..............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Islam" Accessed 8/22/00
..............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
..............  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
islam............  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Diccionario Espasa. Religiones y creencias (1997) 386
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Islamic (religion)............  [VP]
...................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
...................................  Grube, Industrial Buildings and Factories (1971) TITL
...................................  Hoag, Western Islamic Architecture (1963) TITL
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Islamism............  [VP]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
islamisme............  [VP]
....................  Harrap's French and English Dictionary (1986)
islamismo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
....................  Nuevo Espasa Ilustrado 2000, Diccionario Enciclopédico (1999)
i ssu lan chiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
mahométanisme............  [VP]
..........................  Maurois, Disraëli (1927) 159
mahométisme............  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 463
Mohammedan............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Mohammedanism............  [VP]
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Moslem............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Muhammadanism............  [VP]
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Muslim............  [VP]
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Muslimism............  [VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Mussulmanism............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Religion Mahométane............  [VP]
...................................  Picart and Faliu, Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses (1988)
yi si lan jiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yī sī lán jiāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125181 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) precoor.; Architecture--Islamic
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Moslem...; Islamic...; ..., Islamic
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) precoor.; Islamic art; Islamic architecture
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Islamic...
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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