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ID: 300019273
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019273

 

Record Type: concept
Chalcolithic (transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age, three-age system, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the period and culture associated with the transitional phase between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. It is characterized by the hammering, melting, and casting of copper for ornaments and tools, and is distinguished from Bronze Age technologies in that the copper was typically not or only seldomly combined with tin or other metal in an alloy, and stone tools were used at the same time as metal ones. Chalcolithic cultures developed at different times in different parts of the world, ranging from early sporadic use of copper around 7,000 BCE in the Near East to established use by around 1,900 BCE in Britain.
 
Terms:
Chalcolithic (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Copper Age (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,U)
Copper-Stone Age (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Cuprolithic (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
銅石並用時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
銅器時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
青銅時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
凱可利希克時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
tóng shí bìng yòng shí dài (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin),UF,U,U)
tong shi bing yong shi dai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'ung shih ping yung shih tai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
chalcolithisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Calcolítico (C,U,Portuguese,UF,U,U)
Calcolítico (Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by general era>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by general era> (G)
Hierarchy of three-age system
............ three-age system (G)
Hierarchy of transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age
................ transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age (G)
Hierarchy of Chalcolithic
.................... Chalcolithic (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指與石器時代和青銅器時代之間的過渡階段有關聯的時代和文化,其特色是將銅加以鎚打、熔煉、鑄造而製成裝飾品或工具,與青銅器時代的技術不同之處在於,此時的銅不會、或是很少與錫或其他金屬製成合金,且石器和金屬器在此時是並用的。此時代的文化在世界各處發展的時間也不同,最早從公元前約7000年時在近東地區開始零散地使用銅,到公元前約1900年時在英國已固定使用。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode en cultuur die wordt geassocieerd met de overgangsfase tussen Steentijd en Bronstijd en die zich kenmerkt door het beslaan, smelten en gieten van koper voor versieringen en gereedschappen, te onderscheiden van de technieken in de Bronstijd omdat het koper niet of zelden in een legering werd gecombineerd met tin of een ander metaal. In deze periode werden stenen gereedschappen gebruikt naast metalen gereedschappen. Deze culturen ontwikkelden zich op verschillende tijden in verschillende delen van de wereld, van het vroege, spaarzame gebruik van koper rond 7000 v. Chr. in het Nabije Oosten tot het wijdverbreide gebruik rond 1900 v. Chr. in Brittannië. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período y cultura asociados con la fase de transición entre la Edad de Piedra y la Edad de Bronce. Se caracteriza por la percusión, fundición y vaciado de cobre para ornamentos y herramientas y se diferencia de las tecnologías de la Edad de Bronce en que el cobre típicamente no fue o solo pocas veces fue combinado con estaño u otro metal en una aleación y que las herramientas de piedra fueron usadas al mismo tiempo que las de metal. Las culturas calcolíticas se desarrollaron en épocas diferentes en diferentes partes del mundo, desde un temprano y esporádico uso del cobre alrededor del año 7000 a.C. en el Cercano Oriente a su uso establecido por alrededor del año 1900 a.C. en Gran Bretaña. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Early Bronze Age
..................................................  (Bronze Age, three-age system, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300019276]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Eneolithic
..................................................  (transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age, three-age system, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300106757]

Sources and Contributors:
銅石並用時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  中國大百科全書智慧藏網 January 9, 2012
銅器時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 January 9, 2012
青銅時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 January 9, 2012
凱可利希克時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Calcolítico............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Alcina Franch, Diccionario de Arqueología (1998) 154
.......................  Almeida, Archaeological Data, Ophiussa (2018)
Chalcolithic............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 121735 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Cottrell, Concise Encyclopedia of Archaeology (1960)
.......................  Ehrich, ed. , Chronologies, 2d ed. reprint (1971) IND
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Bronze Age." Accessed 02/18/99.
.......................  Mellaart, Neolithic of the Near East (1975) 10, 22
.......................  Sharer and Ashmore, Fundamentals of Archaeology (1979) 318
chalcolithisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Copper Age............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
Copper-Stone Age............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Bronze Age." Accessed 02/18/99.
Cuprolithic............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
tong shi bing yong shi dai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tóng shí bìng yòng shí dài............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
t'ung shih ping yung shih tai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121735 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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