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ID: 300006998
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300006998

 

Record Type: concept
cromlechs (megalithic monuments, <monuments by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to prehistoric circular enclosures of well-spaced large upright stones; if the ring of stones is bordered by a circular ditch and bank of earth, use "henges." Use "megalithic chamber tombs" if the stone enclosure is capped by stones and covered by a mound of earth or stones.
 
Terms:
cromlechs (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
cromlechs (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
cromlechs (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cromlech (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
cromlech (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
cromlech (Dutch,AD,U,U)
peristaliths (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
stone circles (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
石圈 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
環狀列石 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
史前巨石列柱 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shí quān (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shi quan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shih ch'üan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Kromlechs (C,U,German,D,PN)
Kromlech (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Cromlech (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Cromleche (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Cromlechs (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Kromleche (C,U,German,UF,PN)
cronlech (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
crónlech (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of monuments
........................ monuments (G)
Hierarchy of <monuments by form>
............................ <monuments by form> (G)
Hierarchy of megalithic monuments
................................ megalithic monuments (G)
Hierarchy of cromlechs
.................................... cromlechs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指在史前時期,由直立的石頭依固定間距所圍成的圓形圍場;若有溝渠和土堤圍繞著十圈外側,使用「石欄」;而若石頭圍場頂部以石頭加以覆蓋,且外覆土堆或石堆,則使用「巨石墓」。 
Dutch ..... Graftekens uit de jongere steentijd, bestaande uit grote rechtopstaande stenen, die om een nog grotere steen geplaatst zijn. Gebruik 'hengen' als de stenenring wordt omgeven door een ronde geul en een aarden wal. Gebruik 'megalitische grafkamers' als de stenen omheining is afgedekt met stenen en bedekt met een heuvel van aarde of stenen. 
German ..... Bezeichnet eine prähistorische, kreisförmige Anlage aus großzügig angelegten, großen, aufrecht stehenden Steinen; wenn der Steinkranz von kreisförmigen Gräben und Erdwällen eingefasst wird, ist "Henge" zu verwenden. "Megalithische Grabkammer" ist zu verwenden, wenn die Steinanlage mit Steinen begrenzt und durch einen Erd- oder Steinhügel bedeckt wird. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un cercamiento prehistórico circular de grandes piedras verticales bien espaciadas. Si el anillo de piedras se encuentra bordeado por una zanja circular y un banco de tierra, use "henge". Use "tumba de cámara megalítica" si el cercamiento se encuentra cubierto por piedras y por un montículo de tierra o piedras. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  henges
..................................  (megalithic monuments, <monuments by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300120486]
distinguished from ....  megalithic chamber tombs
..................................  (chamber tombs, <tombs by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300005934]

Sources and Contributors:
石圈............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 May 2, 2012
環狀列石............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  牛津當代大辭典 412
史前巨石列柱............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  建築學英漢辭典 106
cromlech............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 256
.................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997)
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Paniagua, Vocabulario Básico de Arquitectura (1998)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Cromlech............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/790275/revisions/1141345/view
Cromleche............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
cromlechs............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  AATA database (2002-) 122471 checked 26 January 2012
....................  Avery Index (1963-)
....................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
....................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
....................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) GLOS
....................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
....................  Janson, History of Art (1986) GLOS
....................  Joussaume, Dolmens for the Dead (1988) 14
....................  Kostof, Castillo, and Tobias, History of Architecture (1995) GLOS
....................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
....................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
....................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Cromlechs............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
cronlech............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Paniagua, Vocabulario Básico de Arquitectura (1998)
crónlech............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 256
Kromlech............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/790275/revisions/1141345/view
.................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4165799-8
.................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Kromlech"
Kromleche............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/790275/revisions/1141345/view
Kromlechs............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/790275/revisions/1141345/view
peristaliths............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.......................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
shih ch'üan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shi quan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shí quān............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
stone circles............  [VP]
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  Cottrell, Concise Encyclopedia of Archaeology (1960)
..........................  Muir, Riddles in the British Landscape (1981) IND
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
..........................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
..........................  Sandars, Prehistoric Art in Europe (1985) 289
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122471 checked 26 January 2012
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Stones: standing; Primitive architecture
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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