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ID: 300006902
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300006902

 

Record Type: concept
citadels (fortresses, fortifications, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Fortresses commanding cities or towns, serving to protect and control the inhabitants.
 
Terms:
citadels (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
citadels (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
citadel (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
citadel (Dutch,AD,U,U)
dwangburcht (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
dwangburchten (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Zitadellen (C,U,German,D,PN)
Zitadelle (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
ciudadelas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
ciudadela (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of fortifications
........................ fortifications (G)
Hierarchy of fortresses
............................ fortresses (G)
Hierarchy of citadels
................................ citadels (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Afzonderlijk te verdedigen delen van vestingwerken in of nabij steden gelegen en deze beheersend. 
German ..... Stadt oder Dorf beherrschende Festung, die dem Schutz und Kontrolle der Einwohner dient. 
Spanish ..... Fortaleza que comanda una ciudad o pueblo, sirviendo de protección y control de sus habitantes. 

Sources and Contributors:
citadel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
citadels............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121909 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-)
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.................  Hogg, Fortress (1977) GLOS
.................  Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
.................  Kostof, Castillo, and Tobias, History of Architecture (1995) GLOS
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
.................  RCHME, Revised Thesaurus of Architectural Terms (1989)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 607
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
ciudadela............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
....................  Mumford, La Ciudad en la Historia (1966) 49
....................  Plazola Cisneros y Plazola Anguiano, Arquitectura Habitacional (1990) 235
ciudadelas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
dwangburcht............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
dwangburchten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
..........................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Zitadelle............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/708086/revisions/1135422/view
....................  Glossarium artis, Burgen und feste Plätze (1977) 62
....................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4139778-2
Zitadellen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/708086/revisions/1135422/view
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121909 checked 26 January 2012
............  Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Fortresses, citadels
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Kamps, Terminologie verdedigingswerken (1999)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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