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ID: 300004838
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300004838

 

Record Type: concept
pyramids (tombs or platforms) (<tombs by form>, tombs, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Monumental structures with a square or triangular base and inclined triangular sides, usually meeting at a point. The most famous pyramids are those used as mausolea in ancient Egypt; they were focal points of much larger funerary complexes. However, pyramids, usually with flat tops, are also found in Central America, where they were used as platforms for altars or temples, occasionally also covering the burial chamber of a ruler.
 
Terms:
pyramids (tombs or platforms) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
pyramid (tomb or platform) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
金字塔 (墳墓) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jīn zì tǎ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jin zi ta (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chin tzu t'a (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
piramides (graftomben) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
piramide (graftombe) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
pirámides (tumba) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
pirámide (tumba) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of funerary structures
............................ funerary structures (G)
Hierarchy of tombs
................................ tombs (G)
Hierarchy of <tombs by form>
.................................... <tombs by form> (G)
Hierarchy of pyramids (tombs or platforms)
........................................ pyramids (tombs or platforms) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious structures
............................ religious structures (G)
Hierarchy of pyramids (tombs or platforms)
................................ pyramids (tombs or platforms) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具有正方形或三角形基底,且其傾斜的三角形側面最後交集於一點的紀念性建築,其中以作為陵寢用的古埃及金字塔最為知名,是大型葬墓綜合建築的焦點。但在中美洲也可見頂端平坦的金字塔,為作為祭壇或寺廟的平台,有時則包含統治者的墓室。 

Sources and Contributors:
金字塔 (墳墓)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  世界建築經典圖鑑 335
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 189
chin tzu t'a............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jin zi ta............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jīn zì tǎ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
pirámide (tumba)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 257
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 156
.............................  Mumford, La Ciudad en la Historia (1966) 15
.............................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
piramide (graftombe)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
pirámides (tumba)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
piramides (graftomben)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
pyramid (tomb or platform)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pyramids (tombs or platforms)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..................................................  AATA database (2002-) 127894 checked 26 January 2012
..................................................  Avery Index (1963-) pyramids
..................................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) pyramids
..................................................  Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008)
..................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) pyramids
..................................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) pyramids
..................................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) pyramids
..................................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
..................................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) pyramids
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127894 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Egyptian pyramids
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 7 August 2009
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 7 August 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

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