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ID: 300001780
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300001780

 

Record Type: concept
architraves (entablature) (<architraves and architrave components>, entablature components, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Principally used in Classical architecture, the lowest of the three main parts of an entablature that rests on the abacus of a column, comprising a horizontal beam that spans the columns or piers in the manner of a lintel. The other two parts of the entablature are the cornice and the frieze. For the architrave-like molded frame that surrounds a door or window, use "architrave trim." For the ornamental moldings around the exterior curve of an arch, use "archivolts."
 
Terms:
architraves (entablature) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
architrave (entablature) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
architrave (entablature) (French-P,AD,U,FSN)
architrave (Italian,AD,U,SN)
epistyles (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
epistylia (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
epistylium (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
architraven (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
architraaf (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Architrave (C,U,German,D,PN)
Architrav (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
epistilio (C,U,Italian,UF,U,U)
arquitrabes (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
arquitrabe (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
alquitrabe (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <spanning and projecting structural elements>
............................ <spanning and projecting structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of <entablatures and entablature components>
................................ <entablatures and entablature components> (G)
Hierarchy of entablature components
.................................... entablature components (G)
Hierarchy of <architraves and architrave components>
........................................ <architraves and architrave components> (G)
Hierarchy of architraves (entablature)
............................................ architraves (entablature) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor het onderste deel van een klassiek entablement en voor objecten met gelijksoortige kenmerken wanneer deze zich rond deuren of andere openingen bevinden. 
German ..... Gewöhnlich verwendet in der klasssischen Architektur, der niedrigste von den 3 Hauptteilen eines Gebälks, das auf dem Abakus einer Säule sitzt, inklusive des horizontalen Balkens, der auf der Säule oder dem Pfeiler wie ein Sturz aufliegt. Die anderen beiden Teile des Gebälks nennt man Gesims und Fries. Für den Architrav-ähnlich geformten Rahmen, der eine Tür oder ein Fenster umrahmt, siehe "Verdachung". Für die ornamentalen Verzierungen entlang der Außenkurve eines Gewölbes, gehe zu "Archivolte". 

Related concepts:
conjuncted with ....  cornices
............................  (<cornices and cornice components>, entablature components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001788]
conjuncted with ....  friezes (entablature components)
............................  (<friezes and frieze components>, entablature components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001816]
distinguished from ....  architrave trims
..................................  (opening components, <openings and opening components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300298870]
distinguished from ....  archivolts
..................................  (arch components, <arches and arch components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001152]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  lintels (spanning elements)
..................................................  (<spanning and projecting structural elements>, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300003161]

Sources and Contributors:
alquitrabe............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 40
architraaf............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
Architrav............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/709243/revisions/1336960/view
....................  Pevsner, Lexikon der Weltarchitektur (1979) 30
....................  Wasmuth, Lexikon Baukunst (1932) Bd.1, 175
architrave (entablature)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, ICCD Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  ICCD database (1988-)
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/370; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 370
Architrave............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/709243/revisions/1336960/view
architraven............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
architraves (entablature)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AATA database (2002-) 120543 checked 26 January 2012
............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
............................................  Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975) GLOS
............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 24
............................................  Jacoby and Talgam, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art (1988) illustration
............................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
............................................  Robertson, Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture (1929) GLOS
arquitrabe............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 217
.......................  Stierling, Egipto. De la prehistoria a los romanos (2004) 233
arquitrabes............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
epistilio............  [ICCD, VP]
....................  ICCD database (1988-)
epistyles............  [VP]
....................  Avery Index (1963-)
....................  Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975) GLOS
....................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
....................  Robertson, Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture (1929) GLOS
epistylia............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
epistylium............  [VP]
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 120543 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Haslinghuis, Woordenboek bouwkundige termen (1986)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/370; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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