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ID: 300189309
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300189309

 

Record Type: concept
intellectual disability (developmental concepts, health-related concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Condition manifested by subnormal intellectual functioning that originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range; scores below 67 are in the disabled range.
 
Terms:
intellectual disability (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,B)
intellectual disabilities (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
developmental disability (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
mental retardation (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term is considered offensive
mental deficiency (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term is considered offensive
retardation (intellectual disability) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term is considered offensive
智能障礙 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
智能不足 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
心智遲滯 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhì néng zhàng ài (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhi neng zhang ai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chih neng chang ai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zwakbegaafdheid (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
achterlijkheid (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
retardo mental (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of scientific concepts
........ scientific concepts (G)
Hierarchy of biological concepts
............ biological concepts (G)
Hierarchy of <health and related concepts>
................ <health and related concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of health-related concepts
.................... health-related concepts (G)
Hierarchy of developmental concepts
........................ developmental concepts (G)
Hierarchy of intellectual disability
............................ intellectual disability (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 智力的運作明顯低於平均值,且伴隨社會適應力受損,其症狀在成年之前即可探知,通常很早就會顯現。 
Dutch ..... Verstandelijk vermogen dat duidelijk onder het gemiddelde ligt en als belemmering wordt gezien bij aanpassing aan de maatschappij. Wordt meestal duidelijk op jonge leeftijd, voor de volwassenheid. 
Spanish ..... Funcionamiento intelectual que está significativamente bajo al promedio y es asociado a un deterioro en el ajuste social, manifestado anteriormente a la madurez, usualmente en los primeros años de vida. 

Related concepts:
possessed by/existing in ....  intellectually disabled
............................................  (mentally handicapped, handicapped, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025925]

Sources and Contributors:
智能障礙............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 December 22, 2011
智能不足............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 December 22, 2011
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1153
...........  遠東實用英漢辭典 p. 809
心智遲滯............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 December 22, 2011
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 22, 2011
achterlijkheid............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
chih neng chang ai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
developmental disability............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
intellectual disabilities............  [VP]
............................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
intellectual disability............  [VP Preferred]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.........................................  Joynt, Clinical Neurology (1992)
.........................................  MeSH online (2005-)
.........................................  UNESCO online (1998-)
mental deficiency............  [VP]
................................  Bruno, Family Mental Health Encyclopedia (1989) 237
................................  MeSH (1979-)
................................  Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms (1977)
................................  UNESCO Thesaurus (1977) term is no longer used in newer versions of this source
mental retardation............  [VP]
...................................  Bruno, Family Mental Health Encyclopedia (1989) 240
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Contributed as a candidate term Mass. State Archives - 10/90
...................................  International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology (1986) Vol. 3, 2475
...................................  MeSH (1979-)
...................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...................................  Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors (1990)
...................................  Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms (1977)
retardation (intellectual disability)............  [VP]
..............................................................  UNESCO Thesaurus (1977)
..............................................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
retardo mental............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2551
zhi neng zhang ai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhì néng zhàng ài............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zwakbegaafdheid............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology (1986)
.......... Joynt, Clinical Neurology (1992)
.......... MeSH online (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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