III. Roman-Period Clay Lamps / Types from both Western and Eastern Provinces of the Roman Empire / Augustan and Imperial Lamps / Loeschcke type VIII / Lamps with round-tipped nozzle / Italic and African lamps

Bussière form D III 1


The main characteristic of form D III is a shallow body, whose diameter is larger than the standard form D II 1 (hence the appellation lampe galette, pancake lamp). Three variants can be distinguished by the shape of the nozzle and the presence or absence of square lugs on the shoulder: D III 1 with nozzle Bus. 4h has no shoulder lugs; D III 2 with nozzle Bus. 4h has two shoulder lugs; D III 3 with nozzle close to Bus. 4g with a narrow channel has two shoulder lugs. Among the Getty lamps, only variants 1 and 2 are represented. The shoulders have Loeschcke form VII b except cats. 309 and 344, which have form VII a. Discus decors: mythology (4 ex.); amphitheater (3 ex.); erotic scene (1 ex.); person (1 ex.). Four lamps have a base-ring, the others a base marked off by one circular groove. One does not have a workshop mark. Cat. 344 has a plain planta pedis. Seven lamps have a workshop signature in tria nomina: NNAELVCI (cats. 305 and 345); MNOVIVST[I] (cat. 307); LMVNPHILE (cats. 310, 346); MNOVGERM (cat. 309); and CLOHEL (cat. 308). The presence of at least three African workshops—MNOVIVST, MNOVGERM, LMVNPHILE—confirms the production of the form in Africa, as Bailey BM II surmises, p. 332. Bailey dates the form (his type P groups ii and iii) Late Flavian to Hadrianic. An examination of the time span of the seventeen workshops signing lamps of form Bussière D III found in Algeria permits us to push Bailey’s dating forward one or two decades: Late Flavian to Antonine (see Bussière 2000, p. 100, fig. 49, and comments).

Additional objects of this type: cats. 307–11, 344–45, and 346.

Banner image: Detail of cat. 305