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ID: 500115364
 
Record Type: Person
Cranach, Lucas, the elder (German painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1472-1553)

Note: No work is clearly identified by Cranach before he went to Vienna at age 30; he may be the creator of earlier works currently attributed to various anonymous masters. He is best known for influential scenes with landscapes incorporating remarkable effects of distance and atmosphere and for his popular woodcuts. He is sometimes mistakenly associated with the surname of "Sunder" or "Sonder," the family with this name being related to Lucas Cranach through marriage and also having come from the town of Kronach.

Names:
Cranach, Lucas, the elder (preferred,V,index)
Lucas Cranach the Elder (V,display)
Cranach the Elder, Lucas (V)
Cranach, Lucas, the Elder (V)
Cranach, Lucas I (V)
Cranach, Lucas (V,LC)
Cranach, Lukas (V)
Lucas Cranaccio (V)
Lucas Cranache (V)
Lucas Cranack (V)
Luca Cranach (V)
Luca Kranack (V)
Lucas Cranach (V)
Muller, Lucas (V)
Moller, Lucas (V)
Sunder, Lucas (V)
Sonder, Lucas (V)
Kronach, Lucas (V)
Lucas I Cranach (V)
Cranach, Muller (V)
Cranach, Sunder (V)
Müller, Lucas (U)
Kranach, Lukas (U)
Kranakh, Luka (U)
Maler, Lucas (U)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
draftsman
painter
printmaker
designer
woodcutter
portraitist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Kronach (Oberfranken, Bavaria, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Weimar (Erfurt district, Thuringia, Germany) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1500-1504  Vienna (Wien state, Austria) (inhabited place)
active:   1504-1550  Wittenberg (Halle district, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
master of ....  Meit, Conrat  
................  (German sculptor, ca. 1480-ca. 1550, active in the Netherlands) [500002914]
member of ....  Cranach family  
................  (German family of painters, 16th century) [500348653]
parent of ....  Cranach, Hans  
................  (German painter, ca. 1513-1537) [500027048]
parent of ....  Cranach, Lucas, the younger  
................  (German painter and printmaker, 1515-1586) [500017755]
teacher of ....  Timmermann, Franz  
..................  (German painter, active ca. 1538-1541) [500102558]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Cranach, Lucas, the elder (I)

Biographies:
(German painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1472-1553) ..... [VP Preferred]
(German painter, printmaker, 1472-1553) ..... [BHA]
(German artist, 1472-1553) ..... [WCP]
(German artist, 1472-1553) ..... [WCI]
(German painter, 1472-1553) ..... [PROV]
(German painter, draughtsman, and printmaker, 1472-1553) ..... [GRLPSC]
(German, 1472-1553) ..... [JPGM]
(artist, 1472-1553) ..... [GRL]
(German artist, 1472-1553) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Cranach, Lucas ........ [GRL Preferred, PROV]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861
Cranach, Lucas I ........ [WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.................................  Witt Computer Index database
.................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Cranach, Lucas, the Elder ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, PROV]
.................................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
Cranach, Lucas, the elder ........ [BHA Preferred]
................................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Cranach, Lukas ........ [PROV]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Cranach, Muller ........ [WL-Courtauld]
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Cranach, Sunder ........ [WL-Courtauld]
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Cranach the Elder, Lucas ........ [JPGM Preferred, VP]
...............................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
...............................................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 128
Kranach, Lukas ........ [GRL]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861
Kranakh, Luka ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861
Kronach, Lucas ........ [VP]
..............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Luca Cranach ........ [PROV]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Luca Kranack ........ [PROV]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lucas Cranaccio ........ [PROV]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lucas Cranach ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lucas Cranache ........ [PROV]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lucas Cranach the Elder ........ [VP]
.............................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Lucas Cranack ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lucas I Cranach ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
...............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Maler, Lucas ........ [GRL]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861
Moller, Lucas ........ [VP]
............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 18 June 2002
Muller, Lucas ........ [VP, WCP]
............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
Müller, Lucas ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861
Sonder, Lucas ........ [VP]
............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 17 December 2002
Sunder, Lucas ........ [GRL, VP, WCP]
............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50020861

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 17 December 2002; accessed 18 June 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 128
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996)
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