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ID: 7006072
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Arezzo (inhabited place)  Arezzo (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 25 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.4167  decimal degrees
Long: 011 53 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.8833  decimal degrees

Note: Was one of 12 ancient cities of Etruria and was allied with Rome from the 3rd century BCE. A thriving medieval center, Arezzo was taken by Florence in 1384. A series of wars was fought from the mid-13th century through the early 14th century between Guelf-controlled Florence and allies (Montepulciano, Bologna, and Orvieto) and their Ghibelline opponents (Pisa, Siena, Pistoia, and Arezzo). Arezzo was later a part of grand duchy of Tuscany; it was ruled by the French after Napoleonic Wars, and then by the Hapsburgs. The city was damaged during WW II.

Names:
Arezzo (preferred,C,V,Italian-P,U,N)
Arretium (H,V,Ancient Latin,U,N)  ............ ancient Roman name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Tuscany (region (administrative division))  ............  Tuscany (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of new kingdom of Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Arezzo (province)  ................  Arezzo (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Arezzo (inhabited place)  ....................  Arezzo (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities)  ........  Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities) (P)
Hierarchy of Arezzo (inhabited place)  ............  Arezzo (inhabited place) (P,H) flourished 7th-3rd centuries BCE

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  inhabited since Etruscan period
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
agricultural center (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces clothing, footware, goldware & lace
transportation center (C)  ............  important center of road & rail lines
episcopal see (C)  ............  cathedral begun in 1286
craftsman settlement (C)  ............  has been noted for red-clay Arretine ware (terra sigillata ware) since time of Romans
archaeological site (C)  ............  noted for Roman amphitheater & Etruscan remains
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for museums, late medieval architecture & frescoes by Piero della Francesca; birthplace of writers Petrarch & Vasari

Related geographic places:
ally of ....  Pisa .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Pisa province) [7006082]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Pistoia .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Pistoia province) [7005060]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Siena .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Siena province) [7011179]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries

Sources and Contributors:
Arezzo..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1/539-540
.................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  TCI: Toscana (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Arretium..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1/44-45
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8075
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 26 Sep 2002
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 44-45; 1/44-45
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 539-540; 1/539-540
..................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8075
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 26 Sep 2002
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -110636
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  TCI: Toscana (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 26 Sep 2002

 

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