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ID: 1000080
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  Italy (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 012 50 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.8333  decimal degrees

Note: Inhabited since 50,000 BCE; settled by Indo-Europeans 1850 BCE, Etruscans 1600 BCE, and Greeks 800 BCE; united by Romans 270 BCE; independent states rose after fall of Holy Roman Empire, notably Naples, Milan, Florence, Venice and papacy; reunited in the 19th century; official language is Italian, though significant minorities speak German, French, and Slovene.

Names:
Italia (preferred,C,V)  ............ Roman name; is also modern Italian name
Italia (Spanish-P,U,N)
Italia (Latin-P,U,N)
Italia (Italian-P,U,N)
Italiana, Repubblica (C,V)
Repubblica Italiana (C,V)
Repubblica Italiana (Italian,U,N)
Repubblica italiana (C,V,O,Italian,U,N)
Italy (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Italy ()
Italian Republic (C,O,O,English,U,N)
Italian Republic ()
Italy, Republic of (C,V)
Republic of Italy (C,V)
Italie (C,O)
Italie (French-P,U,N)
République italienne (C,O,French,U,N)
República Italiana (C,O,Spanish,U)
Italien (C,O)
Italien (German-P,U,N)
Itália (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Italië (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Италия (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Итальянская Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
意大利 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
意大利共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
إ طًا اًَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً إ طًا اًَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
ITA (C,O,ISO3L)
IT (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO380 (C,O,ISO3N)
IT00 (C,O,FIPS)
Italian (C,O,English,U,A)
Esperia (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  unification achieved 1870
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established June 10, 1946
dictatorship (H)  ............  Fascist, 1928-1943
kingdom (H)  ............  from 1815-1870 until 1922
inhabited region (H)  ............  since Neanderthal habitation
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Roma .......... (province)
..................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio) [7003138]
capital is ....  Rome .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio, Roma province) [7000874]
distinguished from ....  Italia .......... (province)
..................................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire) [7030349]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1958
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
Esperia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 184
ISO380..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
IT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
IT00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
ITA..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Italia..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:426 ff
.................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Itália..........  [VP]
.................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 789
Italian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
Italiana, Repubblica..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italian Republic..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italië..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 1:366
Italie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
Italien..........  [VP]
.................  Langenscheidt German Dictionary (1974) II, 1994
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italy..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 627
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXII, 163 ff.
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 77-80
..............  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 556-559
Italy, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Repubblica italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
Repubblica Italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 634-635
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
República Italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Republic of Italy..........  [VP]
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
République italienne..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 780
Италия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Итальянская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
意大利..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
意大利共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
إ طًا اًَ..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً إ طًا اًَ..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 627
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 634-635
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 426 ff; 2:426 ff
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 184
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXII, 163 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 366
..................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 780
..................  Langenscheidt German Dictionary (1974) II, 1994
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -119400
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 789
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 77-80
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 556-559
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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