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ID: 7006082
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pisa (inhabited place)  Pisa (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 43 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.7167  decimal degrees
Long: 010 23 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.3833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Arno river, six miles from Ligurian sea, it was developed as Roman naval base. It became a leading medieval city-state and maritime power; made commercial contacts in Syria during the 11th-century Crusades. Pisa was a Ghibelline stronghold; a series of wars was fought from the mid-13th century through the early 14th century between Guelf-controlled Florence and allies (Montepulciano, Bologna, and Orvieto) and their Ghibelline opponents (Pisa, Siena, Pistoia, and Arezzo). Pisa was held by Florence from the 15th century.

Names:
Pisa (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Pisa (Italian-P,U,N)
Pisan (C,V,English,U,A)
Pisae (H,V)  ............ ancient name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Tuscany (region (administrative division))  ............  Tuscany (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of new kingdom of Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Pisa (province)  ................  Pisa (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Pisa (inhabited place)  ....................  Pisa (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italian Peninsula (peninsula)  ........  Italian Peninsula (peninsula) (P)
Hierarchy of Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities)  ............  Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Pisa (inhabited place)  ................  Pisa (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  home to Etruscans and possibly Ligurians, Roman colony established 180 BCE
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
archiepiscopal see (C)  ............  bishopric established by 313, later became archbishopric; famed for medieval cathedral, baptistry and leaning tower
university center (C)  ............  famed since medieval period
transportation center (C)  ............  for river and maritime traffic since city's foundation, today is also a hub for the railway
industrial center (C)  ............  for light industries; major industries were factors in city's being heavily bombed in WW II
tourist center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for art museums and architecture; was home to famous family of medieval sculptors, including Nicola and Giovanni Pisano
port (H)  ............  from Etruscan era until 16th century, when Arno changed course & was impassable to galleys due to silting and altered land levels

Related geographic places:
ally of ....  Arezzo .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Arezzo province) [7006072]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Pistoia .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Pistoia province) [7005060]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Siena .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Siena province) [7011179]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries

Sources and Contributors:
Pisa..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Annuario Generale (1980)
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:739
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:468
...........  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 154
Pisae..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
..............  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8332
..............  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
Pisan..........  [VP]
..............  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 739; 2:739
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 468; 9:468
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 26 Sep 2002
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8332
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -124918
..................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 154
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 26 Sep 2002

 

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