The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7012955
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7012955

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kaiserslautern (inhabited place)  Kaiserslautern (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 27 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.4500  decimal degrees
Long: 007 45 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.7500  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Kaiserslautern is situated in the midst of Pfälzer Wald nature preserve some 43 miles northwest of Karlsruhe. It was a royal residence built by Charlemagne in the ninth century. First mentioned in 882, it received its city charter in 1276. Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa enlarged the palace in the 1150s. It was ruled by the counts Palatine from 1375, by France from 1793 to 1814, then became part of Bavaria in 1816. It was the center of the Palatinate democratic revolution in 1848-1849.The city suffered extensive damage in the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century and again in World War II. Despite the damage, several of its historic structures have survived. In the later 20th century it became an important cultural and industrial center, with many museums and schools, a theater, and a concert hall. It is a banking and railroad center, and known for its production of automobiles and textiles. Its 2005 population was calculated at 98,947.

Names:
Kaiserslautern (preferred,C,V)  ............ name derived from Kaiser Frederick Barbarossa, who had palace on site, and local stream named "Lauter"
Kaiserlautern (NA,V)
Kaiserslantern (NA,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhineland Palatinate (state)  ............  Rhineland Palatinate (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Kaiserslautern (inhabited place)  ................  Kaiserslautern (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 8th century, chartered in 1276
city (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for museums, theater and concert hall
financial center (C)
transportation center (C)
political center (H)  ............  especially noted as site of Palatinate democratic revolution of 1848-1849
battlefield (H)  ............  site of French victory over Prussians during French Revolutionary wars in 1793
royal residence (H)  ............  Carolingian from 751; Frederick Barbarossa built palace here in 12th century

Sources and Contributors:
Kaiserlautern..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Kaiserslantern..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Kaiserslautern..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:453
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6: 687
.............................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 94
.............................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 581
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:453
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6: 687
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1802780
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 94
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 581
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:453
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Kaiserslautern." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9044351&query=Kaiserslautern&ct=eb (6 Jan. 2005)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 581

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust