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ID: 7000084
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  Germany (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 010 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.5000  decimal degrees

Note: The area of north-central Europe occupied by what is now modern Germany measures some 137,828 square miles in size. Teutons, Celts, Slavs, and Balts inhabited it by the first century BCE. Part of the area was ruled by Romans, then Carolingians. Through the centuries, it was often broken into various states based on ethnic groups including the Alemanni, Bavarians, Upper and Lower Franks, Thuringians, and Frisians. It undertook expansion during the 19th to mid-20th centuries. The official language is German, although Low German is still spoken in the rural North. The 2004 estimated population was 82,633,200.

Names:
Deutschland (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Bundesrepublik Deutschland (C,V,O,German,U,N)  ............ 1949-1990 this name was used to refer to West Germany, from 1990 it has referred to a united Germany
Deutschland, Bundesrepublik (C,V)
Germany (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Federal Republic of Germany (C,O,English,U,N)
Germany, Federal Republic of (C,O)
Allemagne (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République fédérale d'Allemagne (C,O,French,U,N)
Alemania (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República Federal de Alemania (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Alemanha (C,O)
Duitsland (C,O)
Germania (C,O,Italian,U,N)  ............ Roman name, and spelling is still used in modern Italian
Germania (Latin-P,U,N)
German (C,O,English,U,A)
Duitschland (NA,V)
Германия (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Федеративая Республика Германия (C,O,Russian,U)
德国 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
德意志联邦共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
ألماه اَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ألماه اَ الاتحاد ةً (C,O,Arabic,U)
GM (C,O)
GM00 (C,O,FIPS)
ISO276 (C,O,ISO3N)
DEU (C,O,ISO3L)
DE (C,O,ISO2L)
BRD (C,V)
Deutsches Reich (H,V)
ISO280 (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, B)  ............  federal state was unified in 1871; split between W (BRD) & E (Deutsche Demokratische Republik) in 1949, reunited when the BRD absorbed East Germany in October 1990
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  formed in 1949, added East Germany in 1990
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1958
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
................  became a member in 1955
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1973

Sources and Contributors:
Alemanha..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Alemania..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Allemagne..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
BRD..........  [VP]
...........  Facts About Germany (1992) 119
Bundesrepublik Deutschland..........  [VP]
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 612
...............................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...............................................  Reunited, National Geographic (1991) 2-42 & map supplement
...............................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 440
DE..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
DEU..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1990) 1990-10-30, III-13
Deutsches Reich..........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 437 ff.
Deutschland..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Germany in Transition, Dædalus (1994) passim
.......................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) NAF 80125931 , accessed 2 Feb. 2004
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Pond, Beyond the Wall (1993) passim
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 437 ff.
Deutschland, Bundesrepublik..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Duitschland..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Duitsland..........  [VP]
....................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 286
Federal Republic of Germany..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...............................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...............................................  Reuter, Sixteen States (1992) passim
German..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 15
Germania..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 221
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 344
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 437
Germany..........  [BHA, FDA, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 602
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:331 ff.
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 217 ff.
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Reunited, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 62
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Germany, Federal Republic of..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
GM..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
GM00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
ISO276..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
ISO280..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
República Federal de Alemania..........  [VP]
..................................................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
République fédérale d'Allemagne..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Германия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Федеративая Республика Германия..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
德国..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
德意志联邦共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
ألماه اَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
جُهور ةً ألماه اَ الاتحاد ةً..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 602
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 612
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 331 ff.; 1:331 ff.
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 221
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 217 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 286
..................  Facts About Germany (1992) 119
..................  Germany in Transition, Dædalus (1994) passim
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Newsletter (1990) 1990-10-30, III-13
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) NAF 80125931 , accessed 2 Feb. 2004
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1775655
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Pond, Beyond the Wall (1993) passim
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Reunited, National Geographic (1991) 2-42 & map supplement; map supplement
..................  Reuter, Sixteen States (1992) passim
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 62
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 344
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 15
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 440
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 437; 437 ff.
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 2 Feb. 2004

 

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