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ID: 7012712
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Siegen (inhabited place)  Siegen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 52 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8667  decimal degrees
Long: 008 02 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.0333  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Siegen is located on the Sieg river in the district of Arnsberg in the western German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is noted for two castles: the Lower Castle, former residence of the Protestant branch of the House of Nassau-Siegen, and the Upper Castle, former residence of the Roman Catholic branch, now serving as a museum. There is also a hexagonal Romanesque church. The painter Peter Paul Rubens was born here in 1577. Located in the middle of a rich iron-ore field, it had and still has iron foundries and metalworking facilities. It was heavily bombed in World War II, but has been rebuilt and still functions as a center of heavy industry. Its 2004 estimated population was 107,800.

Names:
Siegen (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Arnsberg (national district)  ................  Arnsberg (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Siegen (inhabited place)  ....................  Siegen (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  St. Martin's Church was established by 10th cen.; town was a known center during Middle Ages
city (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  especially for metalworking & machine-building
mining center (C)  ............  has long been center of rich Siegerland iron-ore mining district
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1972
noble seat (H)  ............  of 2 branches of the House of Nassau-Siegen

Sources and Contributors:
Siegen..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 861
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 787
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1114
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 861
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 787
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Siegen (Germany) NAF8007949 (18 Nov. 2004)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1864509
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1114
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Siegen." encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. The city is located on the Sieg River in the district of Arnsberg in the western German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is noted for two castles: the Lower Castle, former residence of the Protestant branch of the House of Nassau-Siegen, and the Upper Castle, former residence of the Roman Catholic branch, now serving as a museum. There is also a hexagonal Romanesque church. The painter Peter Paul Rubens was born here in 1577. Located in the middle of a rich iron-ore field, it had and still has iron foundries and metalworking facilities. It was heavily bombed in World War II, but has been rebuilt and still functions as a center of heavy industry. Its 2004 estimated population was 107,800. (18 Nov. 2004)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 18 Nov. 2004

 

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