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ID: 7012423
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Düren (inhabited place)  Düren (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 48 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8000  decimal degrees
Long: 006 29 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.4833  decimal degrees

Note: The small German city of Düren is situated on the Ruhr river in the foothills of the Eifel mountains some 18 miles east of Aachen. The site was probably first occupied by Romans. Pippin III the Short, king of the Franks, established a residence here and a town grew around it, documented first in 748. Pippin's son Charlemagne held diets here in 775 and 779. It was ruled by the dukes of Jülich from 1242, was burned to the ground by the army of the Emperor Charles V in 1543, was taken by France in 1801, and passed to Prussia in 1814. World War II saw it nearly totally destroyed by aerial bombardment, but it was rebuilt following the war. In the 1970s it grew rapidly due to its absorption of two nearby towns. Düren is an industrial center, producing glass, chemicals, metal wares, textiles, paper, and sugar. It is also a center of scientific research, with a botanical garden and an astronomical observatory. Its estimated population for 2004 was 93,000.

Names:
Düren (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Düren (German,U,N)
Marcodurum (H,V,Latin,U,N)
Villa Duria (H,V,Latin,U,N)  ............ name of Frankish royal residence, around which settlement was established

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Düren (inhabited place)  ................  Düren (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  probably established by Romans, first documented as Frankish settlement in748 BCE
city (C)
river settlement (C)
industrial center (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  famed for botanical garden and astronomical observatory

Sources and Contributors:
Düren..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
..............  Brockhaus, Deutsche Kunst (1916)
..............  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 59
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 348
Marcodurum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1; 59
Villa Duria..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 289
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Brockhaus, Deutsche Kunst (1916)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1; 59
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 289
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1762156
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 59
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 348
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:259
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Düren." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9031568&query=Duren&ct=eb (11 Dec. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 348
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (11 Dec. 2004)

 

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