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ID: 7011065
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7011065

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Sparta (inhabited place)  Sparta (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 37 04 24 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 37.0733  decimal degrees
Long: 022 25 47 E  degrees minutes   Long: 22.4297  decimal degrees

Note: Though Homeric Sparta may have been at nearby Menalaion, Spárti is generally treated as the site of the famous ancient city; settled by Dorians; became rigid oligarchy and subdued neighbors by 5th century BCE; defeated by Thebes 371 and by Visigoths 396 CE.

Names:
Spárti (preferred,C,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Néa Spartí (C,V)  ............ name used locally since 1834 for modern town, to distinguish it from the ruins of ancient Spárti
Sparta (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Spartalos (C,O)
Lakedaímon (NA,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Spartē (NA,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Lacedaemon (H,V,Greek (transliterated),U)  ............ ancient name
Lakedaimonia (H,V)  ............ name used when city was refounded by Byzantines, after having been destroyed by Goths in 4th cen. AD & Slavs in 9th cen.
Spartan (C,V,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Greece (nation)  ........  Greece (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Peloponnese (region (administrative division))  ............  Peloponnese (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Laconia (regional division)  ................  Laconia (regional division) (P)
Hierarchy of Sparta (inhabited place)  ....................  Sparta (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  late Helladic remains have been found here, city declined after 4th cen. AD; modern town was built on ancient ruins in 1834
town (C)
archaeological site (C)  ............  excavation began in 1906
regional capital (C)

Related geographic places:
historical connection ....  Athens .......... (inhabited place)
........................................  (World, Europe, Greece, Periféreia Protevoúsis) [7001393]

Sources and Contributors:
Lacedaemon..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 73
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Lakedaímon..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Lakedaimonia..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 884
Néa Spartí..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 73
Sparta..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 884-885
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 73
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 855-856
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 187
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1147
Spartalos..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 356
Spartan..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
Spartē..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Spárti..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Knaurs: Griechenland (1985)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 187
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 884; II, 884-885
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 73
..................  Knaurs: Griechenland (1985)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -828685
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 855-856
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 187
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 356
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1147
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)

 

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