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ID: 7001393
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Athens (inhabited place)  Athens (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 37 59 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 37.9833  decimal degrees
Long: 023 44 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 23.7333  decimal degrees

Note: Was an ancient metropolis of great importance; settled in Neolithic times. Acropolis was fortified by 1200 BCE; became great city-state, ruling and colonizing over a wide area. It was the center of culture influencing all of the Western world in philosophy, theater, and art. The name refers to the goddess Athena. In Homeric Greek the city's name was in the singular form (Ἀθήνη) then changed in the plural.

Names:
Athínai (preferred,C,V,Greek (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Athenai (C,O)
Athinai (C,O,Greek (transliterated),U)
Αθήνα (C,V,Greek,U)
Athens (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Atenas (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Athènes (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Athen (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Atene (C,O,Greek (transliterated),U)
Atene (Italian-P,U,N)
Ἀθῆναι (C,V,Ancient Greek,U)
Athína (NA,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Afina (NA,V,Russian (transliterated),U)
Afini (NA,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Afiny (NA,V,Ukrainian (transliterated),U)
Āten (NA,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),U)
Aten (NA,V,Swedish,U)
Ateny (NA,V,Polish,U)
Athénes (NA,V,French,U)
Athinia (NA,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Atina (NA,V,Turkish (transliterated),U)
Αθήναι (NA,V,Greek,U)
آتِن (NA,V,Persian-Farsi,U)
Афина (NA,V,Russian,U)
Афіни (NA,V,Ukrainian,U)
Athenae (H,V,Greek (transliterated),U)  ............ Roman name
Athenae (Latin,U,N)
Athēnai (H,V,Ancient Greek (transliterated),U,N)  ............ ancient Greek name
Athine (H,V,Greek (transliterated),U,N)
τὸ κλεινὸν ἄστυ (C,V)  ............ meaning "glorious city"
Athenian (C,V,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Greece (nation)  ........  Greece (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Periféreia Protevoúsis (region (administrative division))  ............  Periféreia Protevoúsis (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Athens (inhabited place)  ................  Athens (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Delian League (former group of nations/states/cities)  ....  Delian League (former group of nations/states/cities) (P)
Hierarchy of Athens (inhabited place)  ........  Athens (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled before 3rd mill. BCE
city (C)
national capital (C)
cultural center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
city-state (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Greece .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Europe) [1000074]
historical connection ....  Sparta .......... (inhabited place)
........................................  (World, Europe, Greece, Pelopónnisos region, Lakonía regional division) [7011065]

Sources and Contributors:
Afina..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Afini..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Afiny..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Āten..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Aten..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Atenas..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
Atene..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 49
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Ateny..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Athen..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
Athenae..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
Athenai..........  [BHA, GRLPSC]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Athēnai..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:667-668
Athènes..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
Athénes..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Athenian..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Athens..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 57-58
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 17
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 88
Athína..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Athínai..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 17
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Athinai..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Athine..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Athinia..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Atina..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Αθήνα..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Ἀθῆναι..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Αθήναι..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
آتِن..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Афина..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Афіни..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
τὸ κλεινὸν ἄστυ..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 57-58
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 49
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 667-668; 1:667-668
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -814876
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 17
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 88
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)

 

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