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ID: 7007887
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Ghent (inhabited place)  Ghent (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 03 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.0500  decimal degrees
Long: 003 43 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 3.7167  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Ghent is the capital of the province of Oost-Vlaanderen in northwestern Belgium. It lies at the junction of the canalized Lys and Scheldt Rivers and is the center of an urban complex that includes Ledeberg, Gentbrugge, and Sint-Amandsberg. The settlement grew up around two monasteries that were built here in the 7th century, and expanded quickly after a fortress was built on a nearby small island in the 10th century. It was major commercial center, famous for its woolen textiles by the 13th century. The capital of medieval Flanders, it was a strong force against foreign rule through the centuries, and virtually independent from its nominal rulers the counts of Flanders and dukes of Burgundy until 1584. The city has retained a great deal of its medieval and Gothic art and architecture, notably the Gothic Cathedral of St. Bavon, or Baaf, dating from the 12th century, contains many famous works of art, including Hubert and Jan van Eyck's polyptych altarpiece, "The Adoration of the Lamb," also called the "Ghent Altarpiece" Its textile industry, which declined in the 17th century, revived later with the production of cotton cloth, which is still a major product. Its many museums make it a center of culture. The 2003 population estimate was about 226,900.

Names:
Gent (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Gent (Dutch-P,U,N)
Gand (C,V,French-P,U,N)
Gante (C,O)
Ghent (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Ganda (H,O,Latin,U,N)
Gandavum (H,O,Latin,U,N)
Gaunt (H,O,English,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (region (administrative division))  ............  Flanders (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of East Flanders (province)  ................  East Flanders (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Ghent (inhabited place)  ....................  Ghent (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Ghent (inhabited place)  ............  Ghent (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established in 7th century
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
port (C)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Gand..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ganda..........  [VP]
..............  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Gandavum..........  [VP]
.................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Gante..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-59
Gaunt..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 335
Gent..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 72
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ghent..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 237
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 335
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 237
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1958757
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-59
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 72
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Ghent" accessed 6 August 2003

 

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