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ID: 1000063
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  Belgium (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 004 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The modern kingdom of Belgium lies at the crossroads of northeastern Europe, bounded on the northwest by the North Sea, on the north and northeast by The Netherlands, on the east by Germany, on the southeast by Luxembourg, and on the southwest and west by France. The area has historically been held by Celtic Belgae and Germanic tribes, Romans, Frankish-Merovingians, Carolingians, then various feudal states. Many independent cities evolved there in medieval times. Burgundy ruled it in the 14th century, then the Hapsburgs from 1482. Since 1831 it has been a representative, and constitutional monarchy. Densely populated and heavily urbanized, it has a rich mix of cultures. The official languages are Dutch (or Flemish), mainly spoken in the north, French, mainly spoken in the south, and German.

Names:
België (preferred,C,V,Dutch-P,U,N)
Koninkrijk Belgïe (C,V,O,Dutch,U,N)
Belgique (C,V,French-P,U,N)
Royaume de Belgique (C,V,O,French,U,N)
Belgien (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Königreich Belgien (C,V,German,U)
Belgium (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Kingdom of Belgium (C,O,English,U,N)
Bélgica (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Reino de Bélgica (C,O,Spanish,U)
Belgio (C,O,Italian-P,U,N)
Бельгия (C,V,Russian-P,U)
Королевство Бельгия (C,V,Russian,U)
比利时 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
比利时王国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ب جَكَا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
مم ىَة ب جَكَا (C,V,Arabic,U)
BEL (C,O,ISO3L)
BE (C,O,ISO2L,French,U)
ISO056 (C,O,ISO3N)
BE00 (C,O,FIPS)
Belgian (C,O,English,U,A)
België, Koninkrijk (NA,V,Dutch,U)
Belgique, Royaume de (NA,V,French,U)
Koninkrijk België (NA,V,Dutch,U)
Belgium, Kingdom of (NA,O,English,U)
Austrian Netherlands (H,O,English,U,N)
Belgica (H,V)  ............ Roman
Southern Netherlands (H,O,English,U,N)
South Netherlandish (C,V)
Spanish Netherlands (H,O,English,U,N)  ............ from late 15th century to 1713

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  split from the Netherlands in 1831
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
constitutional monarchy (C)  ............  established 1931
kingdom (C)  ............  separate under Leopold I, 1831
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Brussels .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Belgium, Bruxelles region) [7007868]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1958
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945
related to ....  Flanders .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Europe) [7024097]
..................  before 1831

Sources and Contributors:
Austrian Netherlands..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 67-68
BE..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
BE00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
BEL..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
Belgian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 4
Bélgica..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 40
Belgica..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 90
België..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 59
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
België, Koninkrijk..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Belgien..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Belgio..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 607
Belgique..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 40
Belgique, Royaume de..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Belgium..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Belgium: Tourist Map (1992)
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 553
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 61
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-10
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 40
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 130
Belgium, Kingdom of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
ISO056..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
Kingdom of Belgium..........  [FDA, VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 61-62
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Königreich Belgien..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Koninkrijk Belgïe..........  [FDA, VP]
................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 563
................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 563
................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 28:61-62
Koninkrijk België..........  [VP]
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Reino de Bélgica..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Royaume de Belgique..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 67-68
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Southern Netherlands..........  [VP]
...................................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
South Netherlandish..........  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Spanish Netherlands..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 68
...................................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
Бельгия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Королевство Бельгия..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
比利时..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
比利时王国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
ب جَكَا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
مم ىَة ب جَكَا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Belgium: Tourist Map (1992)
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 553
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 563
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 563
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 67-68; 68
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 90
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 607
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 61-62; 28:61-62
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 59
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1954041
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 61
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-10
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 40
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 4
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 130
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Belgium." accessed 24 July 2003

 

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