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ID: 7007867
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bruges (inhabited place)  Bruges (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 12 39 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.2109  decimal degrees
Long: 003 13 33 E  degrees minutes   Long: 3.2260  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Brugge is the capital of the northwestern province of West-Vlaanderen in Belgium. Originally founded as landing on the Zwijn estuary, it was named for a Roman bridge over the Reie River and known as a settlement since the seventh century. St. Eloi, bishop of Noyon-Tournai converted the town to Christianity, and the first counts of Flanders built a castle here in the9th century to guard against Norman invaders. It reached its height of commercial greatness in the 14th century, as one of the most important members of the Hanseatic League of trading cities. It remained rich an powerful as the site of the court of the dukes of Burgundy, rulers of Flanders, and the artistic center of the Flemish school of painting, until the religious and political turmoil of the 16th century brought about its decline. It revived with the construction ten miles away of the North Sea port of Zerbrugge and the opening in 1907 of a canal linking it to the port. It is famed for its medieval architecture and hanseatic buildings, and enjoys a thriving tourist industry in the 20th and 21st centuries. The 2003 population estimate was around 117,200.

Names:
Brugge (preferred,C,V,Dutch-P,U,N)
Bruges (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Bruges (French-P,U,N)
Brügge (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Brugae (H,O,Latin,U,N)
Municipium Brugense (H,V)  ............ medieval name, referring to its site near a Roman bridge across the Reie river

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (region (administrative division))  ............  Flanders (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of West Flanders (province)  ................  West Flanders (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Bruges (inhabited place)  ....................  Bruges (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Bruges (inhabited place)  ............  Bruges (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in Roman times
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Brugae..........  [VP]
.................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Bruges..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Brugge..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 34
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Brügge..........  [VP]
.................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Municipium Brugense..........  [VP]
...................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 127-128
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 572
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 127-128
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 572
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1955473
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 34
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Brugge" accessed 6 August 2003

 

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