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ID: 7005959
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Andernach (inhabited place)  Andernach (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 26 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.4333  decimal degrees
Long: 007 24 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.4000  decimal degrees

Note: The German town of Andernach is situated on the left bank of the Rhine river some dozen miles northwest of Coblenz. Its location has historically been an important strategic site. The Romans built a large fortress here in 12 BCE. Here Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks, was defeated by Louis the Younger in 876 CE. The Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeated his rebellious brother here in 939, and Lothair III defeated Henry V here in 1114. In 1253 it became a member of the Hanseatic League. The French army burned it in 1689, then occupied it in 1795. It was given to Prussia in 1815. In World War II the Allies took it in March 1945. The city today still has a 12th-century watchtower and a 13th-century parish church. The 2005 population estimate was 28,089.

Names:
Andernach (preferred,C,V,German,U,N)
Stadt Andernach (NA,V)
Andernach, Stadt (NA,V)
Adarnacha (H,O)
Andernachis (H,O)
Andernacum (H,O)
Andranacum (H,O)
Andrei villa in pago Megenensi (H,O)
Andrenacum (H,O)
Anternacum (H,O)
Anternaum (H,O)
Antonacense castellum (H,O)
Antoniacum (H,O)
Antrinacha (H,O)
Antunnacum (H,V)  ............ ancient name
Athernacum (H,O)
Auturnacum (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhineland Palatinate (state)  ............  Rhineland Palatinate (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Koblenz (national district)  ................  Koblenz (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Andernach (inhabited place)  ....................  Andernach (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as castle by Drusus Senior in 12 BC
town (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces lumber and textiles
battlefield (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Adarnacha..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Andernach..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:32
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 13
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 49
Andernachis..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Andernach, Stadt..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Andernacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Andranacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Andrei villa in pago Megenensi..........  [VP]
.....................................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Andrenacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Anternacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Anternaum..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Antonacense castellum..........  [VP]
......................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Antoniacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Antrinacha..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Antunnacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Athernacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Auturnacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
Stadt Andernach..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:32
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1740361
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 37
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 13
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 49
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:32
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 49

 

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