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ID: 7005177
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Heidelberg (inhabited place)  Heidelberg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 25 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.4167  decimal degrees
Long: 008 42 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.7000  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Heidelberg is located on the Neckar River in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany. It was the capital of Palatinate from the 13th century. It was the site of the publication of the Calvinist profession of faith in 1563.It declined in the Thirty Years' War and was nearly leveled by the French in the 17th century, but was rebuilt. It escaped damage in World War II. Its historic architecture includes the famous Heidelberg Castle, The Holy ghost Church built 1400-1436, the Haus zum Ritter, 1592, and the Alte Brücke, 1788, rebuilt after 1945. It is also the home of the oldest university in Germany, Heidelberg University, chartered in 1386. It has some manufacturing but is primarily a residential and university town, with tourism being its main economic activity. The 2004 estimated population was 143,600.

Names:
Heidelberg (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Heidelberg (German-P,U,N)
Heidelburg (NA,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-Württemberg (state)  ............  Baden-Württemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Karlsruhe (national district)  ................  Karlsruhe (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Heidelberg (inhabited place)  ....................  Heidelberg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settlement first documented in 1196, though nearby were found remains of hominid from 400,000 years ago
city (C)
university center (C)  ............  founded by Rupert I, and chartered by Pope Urban VI in 1386
manufacturing center (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  especially noted for paleontology; fossil jawbone of 400,000-year-old Homo erectus was discovered nearby in 1907
capital (H)  ............  of the Rhenish Palatinate, 1225-1796
noble seat (H)  ............  of the electoral counts Palatine, until 1720
religious center (H)  ............  of German Reformation, from early 16th century

Sources and Contributors:
Heidelberg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 383-384
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 802
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 497
Heidelburg..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:383-384; I, 383-384
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:802; V, 802
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Heidelberg (Germany) NAF 81096075, accessed 6 Feb. 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1788826
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 497
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 6 Feb. 2004

 

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