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ID: 7005108
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005108

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Worms (inhabited place)  Worms (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 38 08 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.6356  decimal degrees
Long: 008 21 35 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.3597  decimal degrees

Note: The German city of Worms is situated on the Rhine river ten miles north northwest of Mannheim. Celts and Romans first settled the site. It became the seat of the Burgundian kingdom and was destroyed by Huns in 436, an event that inspired the Nibelungenlied an epic poem written around 1200. It was a major city of the Holy Roman emperors and was the site of many important diets, notable the Diet of Worms of 1521 at which Martin Luther presented his defense. It was razed by the French three times in the 17th and 18th centuries, and became French territory in 180. It passed to Hesse-Darmstadt in 1816, and was occupied by French troops between 1918 and 1930. The city was extensively bombed in World War II, and has had to be rebuilt. Its surviving historic architecture includes a cathedral built between the 11th and 14th centuries, a 13th-century synagogue destroyed in 1938 but later rebuilt, and several fine churches. The modern city is a busy river port with diversified commerce and industry, especially known as a wine-trading center. The calculated population for 2005 was 82,104.

Names:
Worms (preferred,C,V)
Augusta Vangionum (H,V)
Borbetomagus (H,V)  ............ Celtic name
Civitas Vangionum (H,V)  ............ name used by Julius Caesar's time, meaning chief town of the Vangiones
Wormatia (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhineland Palatinate (state)  ............  Rhineland Palatinate (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Worms (inhabited place)  ................  Worms (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled by Celts, fortified by the Romans in 14 BC, destroyed in 436 but rebuilt by Merovingian kings
city (C)
port (C)
trade center (C)  ............  especially for wine
manufacturing center (C)  ............  today produces leather, machinery, electrical appliances, chemicals, paints & ceramics
episcopal see (H)  ............  established ca. 600; was secularized in 1803; still famed for its magnificent Romanesque cathedral
imperial city (H)  ............  free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, 1156-1801
political center (H)  ............  of imperial diets, site of the Concordat of Worms in 1122 (compromise between Pope & Emperor) & defense of Luther in 1521
capital (H)  ............  of Burgundians, from AD 413 until it was destroyed in 436
royal residence (H)  ............  of Carolingian & Salian emperors

Sources and Contributors:
Augusta Vangionum..........  [GRLPSC]
................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Borbetomagus..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 760
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12959
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Civitas Vangionum..........  [VP]
................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1026
................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 760
Wormatia..........  [GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Worms..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..............  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1352
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1026
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 760
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12959
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1890958
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1352
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. 3rd ed.(2001) 882

 

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