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ID: 7004474
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Naples (inhabited place)  Naples (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 014 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 14.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Founded on site of Parthenope by refugees from Cumae; conquered by Romans 4th cen. BCE; part of kingdoms of Ostrogoths, Byzantines & Muslims; went to Kingdom of Two Sicilies, then to popes, and back to Sicily; damaged in WW II, and by earthquake in 1980; historic core named UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.

Names:
Napoli (preferred,C,V)
NĂ¡poles (C,O)
Naples (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Neapel (C,O)
Neapolitan (C,V,English,U,A)
Neapolis (H,V)  ............ meaning "New City," name used when founded on ruins of old city ca. 600 BC
Parthenope (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Campania (region (administrative division))  ............  Campania (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Napoli (province)  ................  Napoli (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Naples (inhabited place)  ....................  Naples (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded on a more ancient site by refugees from Greek colony at Cumae ca. 600 BC; modern city was largely rebuilt after 1945
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
seaport (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces textiles, steel, machine parts, electrical machinery, & refines oil
shipbuilding center (C)
commercial center (C)
military center (C)
archiepiscopal see (C)
university center (C)  ............  founded by emperor Frederick II in 1224, also center for zoological station & marine aquarium
cultural center (C)  ............  flourished from 13th cen., attracted scholars, artists & musicians; now known for architecture & museums of antiquities & art
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  from 1995

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Campania .......... (region (administrative division))
..................  (World, Europe, Italy) [7003005]

Sources and Contributors:
Naples..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 811
NĂ¡poles..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-119
Napoli..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  TCI: Napoli e Dintorni (1976)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 134
Neapel..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-120
Neapolis..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8239
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 811
Neapolitan..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
Parthenope..........  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 811
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8239
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -122902
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-119; I-120
..................  TCI: Napoli e Dintorni (1976)
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 134
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 811
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010

 

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