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ID: 7004324
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Augsburg (inhabited place)  Augsburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 22 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.3667  decimal degrees
Long: 010 53 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.8833  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Augsburg is located at the junction of the Wertach and Lech Rivers at the tip of the plain between them. It was the site of Bronze Age and Roman settlements, was destroyed by the Alemanni in the 5th century, then rebuilt by the Franks. It was a leading medieval commercial and banking center; and was an important site in the development of Lutheranism in the 16th century. It declined in power during the Thirty Years War and passed to Bavaria in 1806. The artists Hans Holbein, the Elder and the Younger, and Hans Burgkmair were born in the town. Augsburg is the administrative capital of the Bavarian district of Swabia. It was the site of a firestorm caused by bombardment in World War II and was severely damaged, but much of its historic architecture survived to be restored. The city is rich in Romanesque, Gothic, and Baroque buildings and fountains. It has a university founded in 1970, three colleges of music, and a technical college. In 1974, Augsburg annexed two neighboring cities, Göggingen and Haunstetten. It has grown to be a major site for heavy industry, chemicals, metal, and electrical plants. The 2004 estimated population was 260,600.

Names:
Augsburg (preferred,C,V)
Augsbourg (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Augsberg (NA,V)
Augusta Genannia (H,O)
Augusta Raetorum (H,O)
Augusta Vindelica (H,O)
Augusta Vindelicensis (H,O)
Augusta Vindelicia (H,O)
Augusta Vindelicorum (H,O)  ............ name used from 15 BC, when founded by Roman Nero Cladius Drusus, younger brother of Tiberius
Augusta Vindelicum (H,O)  ............ ancient
Augustidunum (H,O)
Zigaris (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bavaria (state)  ............  Bavaria (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Augsburg (inhabited place)  ................  Augsburg (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Raetia (historical region)  ........  Raetia (historical region) (P,H) from 15 BCE
Hierarchy of Augsburg (inhabited place)  ............  Augsburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in Early Bronze Age, later founded as Roman colony
city (C)
district capital (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  established by 739
manufacturing center (C)
religious center (H)  ............  site of Augsburg Confession, stating Lutheran tenets (1530), & of Peace of Augsburg, legal separation from Catholics (1555)
imperial city (H)  ............  rights granted in 1276
Early Bronze Age (H)
Frankish (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Augsberg..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Augsbourg..........  [VP]
....................  Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
Augsburg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 60
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 698
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 17
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 92
Augusta Genannia..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Augusta Raetorum..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Augusta Vindelica..........  [VP]
................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Augusta Vindelicensis..........  [VP]
......................................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 34
Augusta Vindelicia..........  [VP]
...................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Augusta Vindelicorum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 698
...................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Augusta Vindelicum..........  [VP]
...................................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 34
...................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12605
Augustidunum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Zigaris..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 34
..................  Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 60
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 698
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12605
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1742412
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 34
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 17
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 92
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:60
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 11 May 2004

 

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