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ID: 7004101
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bari (inhabited place)  Bari (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 08 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.1333  decimal degrees
Long: 016 51 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 16.8500  decimal degrees

Note: Began as important Roman colony & commercial center 2nd cen. BC; became Saracen stronghold 9th cen.; seat of Byzantine governor of Apulia 885; razed by William the Bad of Sicily 1156, but rebuilt under Frederick II (1220-1250); damaged by British WW II.

Names:
Bari (preferred,C,V)
Barium (H,V)  ............ ancient

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Apulia (region (administrative division))  ............  Apulia (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Bari (province)  ................  Bari (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Bari (inhabited place)  ....................  Bari (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled as early 1500 BC
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
port (C)  ............  mentioned as early as 180 BC
transportation center (C)  ............  connected by rail & road from Milan to Bologna & by steamer to other Adriatic ports, as well as Middle East & Balkans
trade center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  site of textile mills, oil refineries, & food- & tobacco-processing plants
archiepiscopal see (C)
religious center (C)  ............  site of basilica & reliquary of San Nicola (1087); from here the First Crusade was launched by Peter the Hermit in 1096
duchy (H)  ............  under several rulers from 14th cen., passing to Sforzas, then to Kingdom of Naples 1558, until it became part of Italy 1860

Sources and Contributors:
Bari..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 79-80
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 896
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 22
Barium..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8256
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 79-80
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 896
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8256
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -111255
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 22
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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