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ID: 7003618
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of East Friesland (general region)  East Friesland (general region)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 20 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.3333  decimal degrees
Long: 007 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Ostfriesland is an area in the northwestern German state of Lower Saxony on the North Sea, including the East Frisian Islands. It is culturally aligned with West Friesland in the Netherlands and North Friesland on the west coast of the Jutland Peninsula. The population migrated to Ostfriesland from Holland in the 12th century. Historically it was a duchy that passed to Prussia in 1744. Its ownership changed several times during French Revolutionary Wars, and it became part of Hanover in 1815. Modern economic activities are predominantly cattle raising, dairying, and meat processing. The area is known as the original home of the famous Friesen dairy black and white cattle usually incorrectly called Holsteins. The area is also known for its traditional farmhouse, the Diele, consisting of one huge slanting roof covering a threshing floor, stables, and human living quarters.

Names:
Ostfriesland (preferred,C,V,German,U,N)
East Friesland (C,O,English-P,U,N)
East Frisia (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lower Saxony (state)  ............  Lower Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Weser-Ems (national district)  ................  Weser-Ems (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of East Friesland (general region)  ....................  East Friesland (general region) (P)

Place Types:
general region (preferred, C)
duchy (H)  ............  established 1654
county (H)  ............  of Holy Roman Empire

Sources and Contributors:
East Friesland..........  [BHA, VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 263
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
East Frisia..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
Ostfriesland..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 147
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 263
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1840600
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 147
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:263
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) "East Friesland." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=32305&tocid=0&query=ostfriesland&ct=eb#TOP (21 July 2004)

 

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