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ID: 7003321
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Vienna (inhabited place)  Vienna (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 13 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.2167  decimal degrees
Long: 016 22 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 16.3667  decimal degrees

Elevation:
561.023  feet    171.0000  meters

Note: Located on the Danube River, at a crossroads in the center of Europe. Formerly, Vienna was the capital of the Holy Roman Empire and of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Originally a Celtic settlement, it became a Roman military settlement and was occupied by the Magyars in 907, then passed to the Babenburgs in 976. It became the capital of the duchy of Austria in 1156 and was occupied by Ottocar II of Bohemia from 1251 to 1276. It was unsuccessfully besieged by the Turks in 1529 and 1683. During the 18th century, Vienna was one of the great cultural centers in Europe, the home of Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, and Schubert. The city was occupied by the French during the Napoleonic Wars, in 1805 and 1808 and from 1814 to 1815. It was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938 and liberated by the Russians in 1945. The historic centre of Vienna was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Names:
Wien (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)  ............ name used by 1st century BCE
Vienna (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Vienne (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Beç (C,O,Magyar (Hungarian)-P,U,N)  ............ Hungarian name
Videṉ (C,O,Czech-P,U,N)  ............ Czech name
Wienis (H,V)  ............ name recorded in 1030
Wenia (H,V)  ............ name recorded in 881
Vindobona (H,V,Celtic language,U,N)  ............ Celtic for "white field"
Vindobna (H,V,Celtic language,U,N)
Vindomana (H,V)
Viennese (C,V,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Austria (nation)  ........  Austria (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Vienna state (state)  ............  Vienna state (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Vienna (inhabited place)  ................  Vienna (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  human occipation dates from Paleolithic period, later settled by Illyrians & then Celts
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  since 1918
state capital (C)
river port (C)
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces textiles, machine tools, clothing, leather goods, electrical equipment & motor vehicles
transportation center (C)  ............  is major railroad junction & important river port
tourist center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  has many museums & theaters, famed as center for composers Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, Schubert, Mahler, Brahms & R Strauss
educational center (C)  ............  has several universities; was home of physician Sigmund Freud, famed for developing psychoanalysis
political center (C)  ............  especially noted for Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) that reorganized European power
episcopal see (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Austro-Hungarian Empire ; of Holy Roman Empire, from 1438
noble seat (H)  ............  for Hapsburgs, 1278-1918
municipium (H)  ............  early 3rd cen.
military installation (H)  ............  Roman military center from 1st cen. BC (probably covered area near Hoher Market)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Austria .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Europe) [1000062]

Sources and Contributors:
Beç..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 26 March 1998
...........  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
Videṉ..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 26 March 1998
Vienna..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:993-994
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Vienne..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-185
Viennese..........  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Vindobna..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1296
Vindobona..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8449
....................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Vindomana..........  [VP]
....................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 982
Wenia..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 9 October 1998
Wien..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
...........  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
...........  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 215
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Wienis..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 9 October 1998
Subject: .....  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:993-994
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed accessed 26 March 1998 and 9 October 1998; accessed 26 March 1998; accessed 9 October 1998
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8449
..................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 982
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-185
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 215
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1296
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:993-994
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 12 January 2009

 

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