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ID: 1000062
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Austria (nation)  Austria (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 20 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.3333  decimal degrees
Long: 013 20 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 13.3333  decimal degrees

Note: Austria covers an area that had Early Paleolithic settlements and an Iron Age culture by 1000 BCE. Illyrians inhabited it, then the Celts invaded ca. 400 BCE, and the Romans invaded ca. 200 BCE. Germanic tribes arrived ca. 180 CE, and Bavarians and Avars settled here from the 6th century. The area was the Eastern Mark of Charlemagne. Hapsburg rule began in 1278 and lasted until 1918, during which time it was part of the large Austro-Hungarian Empire. After World War I Austria was reduced to the German-speaking areas of the former empire. . Nazi Germany annexed it in 1938, and from 1945 to 1955 it was occupied by the Allies. Since then it has become a member of the United Nations and, in 1995, of the European Union. The official language is German. Its position at the middle of Europe makes it a center of commerce, transportation, and culture.

Names:
Österreich (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Republik Österreich (C,V,O,German,U,N)
Oesterreich (C,V,German,U,N)
Austria (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Austria (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of Austria (C,O,English,U,N)
Autriche (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République d'Autriche (C,O,French,U,N)
República de Austria (C,O,Spanish,U)
Oostenrijk (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Австрия (C,V,Russian-P,U)
Австрийская Республика (C,V,Russian,U)
奥地利 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
奥地利共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ا نٍمسا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ا نٍمسا (C,V,Arabic,U)
AUT (C,O,ISO3L)
AT (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO040 (C,O,ISO3N)
AU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Austrian (C,O,English,U,A)
Asturia (H,O)  ............ this and other historical names refer to the general area now occupied by the nation of Austria
Auster (H,O)
Austrasia (H,O)
Austrasiacus (H,O)
Austrasii (H,O)
Haustria (H,O)
Luitbaldi marchionis marchia (H,O)
Oriens (H,O)
Orientale regnum (H,O)
Orientalis pagus (H,O)
Ostericha (H,O)
Marchia orientalis (H,O)
Ostrogothia (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Austria (nation)  ........  Austria (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  distinct political entity emerged in 10th cen.; with current borders, after WW I
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  after WW I
empire (H)  ............  with much extended borders, from early 19th cen.
kingdom (H)  ............  created by Hapsburgs, from late 13th cen.
duchy (H)  ............  first, under Babenbergs in 1156
margraviate (H)  ............  emerged under Leopold I of Babenberg in 976

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Vienna .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Austria, Vienna state) [7003321]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1995
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955
related to ....  Austria-Hungary .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Holy Roman Empire, Hapsburg Empire) [6000511]

Sources and Contributors:
Asturia..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
AT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
AU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Auster..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austrasia..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austrasiacus..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austrasii..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austria..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 556
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 65
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-7
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97
Austrian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
AUT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
Autriche..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 65
Haustria..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
ISO040..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
Luitbaldi marchionis marchia..........  [VP]
...............................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Marchia orientalis..........  [VP]
...................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Oesterreich..........  [VP]
.......................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
Oostenrijk..........  [VP]
.......................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 559
Oriens..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Orientale regnum..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Orientalis pagus..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Ostericha..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Österreich..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97 ff.
Ostrogothia..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
República de Austria..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011)
Republic of Austria..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 45-46
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Republik Österreich..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 548
République d'Autriche..........  [VP]
......................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
Австрия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Австрийская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
奥地利..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
奥地利共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
ا نٍمسا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
جُهور ةً ا نٍمسا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 548
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 556
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 45-46
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 65
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 559
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 65
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-7
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97; 97 ff.
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) vol. 1

 

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